The College Board is a group that manages standardized tests in the United States, like the SAT, to test students' abilities in certain subject areas. It was founded in 1900, known then as the College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB).
The SAT is a test for entrance to colleges. It is a standardized test managed by the College Board, and developed, published, and scored by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). It is fee-based, costing about $50. It competes with the ACT, another standardized test for college admissions.
The test tests students (usually high school seniors) in three areas: Critical Reading, Mathematics, and Writing. The newest section is Writing, introduced in 2005, with a new essay section. The scores in each area go from 200 to 800, 800 being the best score. The scores in the three areas are added up, for a score between 600 and 2400. The average score is about 1500 in total. On the old SAT administered before 2005, the top score was 1600. Getting near the highest or lowest scores is rare.
The test has ten sections, with the essay always coming first. There is also a section that is not scored. College Board says:
This section is where we try out new questions to make sure that future exams are fair for students from different backgrounds. It also helps us make sure that scores from students taking future exams can be compared to scores from students who took earlier versions of the test. - College Board
The sections are mostly 25 minutes long, but the later sections start to get shorter, with fewer questions. The whole test lasts 3 hours and 45 minutes.
The PSAT is also fee-based, and is practice for the real SAT.
The NMSQT is the National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test. It's a qualifying test for the National Merit Scholarship Corporation scholarship programs.
The College Board Accuplacer test is a placement test on the computer that tests students on their reading, writing and math skills.
Advanced Placement Program [change]
The College Board Advanced Placement Program is a program that gives high school students a chance to take college level classes for a fee, preparing them for college. It also helps admissions to college. The program lets students get college credit for high scores on AP exams. Giving credit is still up to the college.
The CLEP, or the College Level Examination Program, is a program that lets students show that they know college-level material through exams in college courses.
SpringBoard is a program created by the College Board to prepare students who will take AP or college courses later. The program offers pre-AP and AP teaching and learning strategies across school and classwork. The material is for grades 6th to 12th.