Columbian mammoth

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Columbian mammoth
Temporal range: late Pleistocene
Columbian mammoth
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Elephantidae
Genus: Mammuthus
Binomial name
Mammuthus columbi
(Blumenbach, 1799)

The Columbian mammoth (Mammuthus columbi), or Imperial mammoth, was a species of mammoth which lived late in the Pleistocene period.[1] Its remains have been found in Canada, the United States, Nicaragua and Mexico.[2]

The Columbian mammoth went extinct at the end of the ice ages about 11,000 years ago. It shared the fate of many other large mammals, whose extinction is attributed to hunting and climate change.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Jacob Enk and others (2011). "Complete Columbian mammoth mitogenome suggests interbreeding with woolly mammoths". Genome Biology (BioMed Central) 12 (5): R51. doi:10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3219973/.
  2. "†Mammuthus columbi Falconer 1857 (Columbian mammoth)". Fossilworks. http://fossilworks.org/cgi-bin/bridge.pl?taxon_no=46022&action=checkTaxonInfo. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  3. Martin P.S. & Klein R.G. (eds) 1984. Quarternary extinctions: a prehistoric revolution. Tucson: Arizona University Press. ISBN