Comanche

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Comanche
Flag of the Comanche Nation.svg
Flag of the Comanche Nation
Total population

14,700[1]

Regions with significant populations
United States (Oklahoma, Texas)
Languages
English, Comanche
Religions
Christianity, Native American Church, traditional tribal religion
Related ethnic groups
Shoshone and other Numic peoples
A Comanche warrior.

Comanche peoples are Native Americans who lived in an area called the Comancheria. This is where Eastern New Mexico, Southern Colorado, Southern Kansas, all of Oklahoma and most of Northern and Southern Texas are today. There once were as many as 20,000 Comanches. Today the Comanche Nation has 10,000 members, most in Oklahoma (centered at Lawton), and the rest in Texas, California, and New Mexico. The Comanche speak a language of their own, the Comanche language that is related to other Native American ones, called Uto-Aztecan language family.

The name Comanche was given by the Mexicans, and it was the word the Comanche used to call them, komantsia (enemy, foreigner). But the Comanches' call themselves Numunuu, meaning "human being" or "the People". They were very good warriors and fought the white settlers and army for many years until they gave up in 1875.

The woman in the family made the teepees. They gathered wild potatoes, fruits, nuts and berries. The woman in the family cooked, cleaned and made their clothing. The clothing was made out either bear, deer, bison, buffalo, wolves or coyotes.

Notes[change | edit source]

  1. "2011 Oklahoma Indian Nations Pocket Pictorial Directory" (PDF). Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission. 2011: 11. http://www.ok.gov/oiac/documents/2011.FINAL.WEB.pdf. Retrieved Januar 2, 2012.

Further reading[change | edit source]

  • Thomas, Alfred Barnaby (1940) The Plains Indians and New Mexico, 1751-1778: A collection of documents illustrative of the history of the eastern frontier of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, OCLC 3626655
  • Wolff, Gerald W., and Cash, Joseph W. (1976) The Comanche People Phoenix, Arizona: Indian Tribal Series.

Other websites[change | edit source]