A conjunction is a type of word and a part of speech which joins two words, phrases or clauses together. Common examples in English grammar are: and, but and or. Conjunctions can help the words in a sentence flow together very well.
There are three different types of conjunctions: the coordinating conjunction, the subordinating conjunction, and the correlative conjunction.[source?]
Coordinating conjunctions[change | edit source]
People use coordinating conjunctions to combine words with other words, as in "Yes, I'd like the ham and eggs." "Would you like coffee or tea?" Coordinating conjunctions can combine two phrases, such as "Over the river and through the woods, to Grandmother's house we go." These two prepositional phrases are joined by the conjunction "and."
Coordinating conjunctions can also join two independent clauses or two simple sentences. In English, you can use the following words as coordinating conjunctions: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. To remember this list of words more easily, try the mnemonic "FANBOYS" which is created by the first letter of each word in the list.
Rules in English[change | edit source]
Conjunctions join two equal parts, as in two words, or two phrases, or two clauses. Note how making a conjunction join a word with a phrase doesn't work well: "Sheila ran the race and into the bleachers." Better to say: "Sheila ran around the track and into the bleachers."
Some say that conjunctions should not be used to start a sentence.[source?] They add that it is not completely wrong to do that, but is frowned upon by most people educated in the English language.[source?] Others question this rule and suggest they note how often this is done by accomplished writers.