Coriaria nepalensis

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Coriaria nepalensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Coriariaceae
Genus: Coriaria L.
Species: C. nepalensis
Binomial name
Coriaria nepalensis
Wall.
Synonyms[1]

C. kweichowensis Hu
C. sinica Maximowicz
Morus calva H. Léveillé

Coriaria nepalensis is a shrub growing in the foot hills of Himalayas.[2] It blooms in spring and has beautiful yellow flowers and red fruits in summer.

Common names[change | edit source]

In India, this plant is known in English as masuri berry, tanner's tree, mansur shrub; in Hindi as masuri, makola, masurya; in Nepali, macchaino.[3]

Description[change | edit source]

It is a shrub, 1.5-2.5 metres tall. Flowers are in groups (inflorescences ) and they are male or female but in the same plant; their color is yellow. It blooms from February to May.[1]

Fruits are red to dark purple when mature. They look like berries but they are small nuts (achenes) protected by enlarged and colored petals. Fruits are produced from May to August but they cannot be eaten because their seeds are poisonous.[1]

The number of chromosomes is 40.[4]

Where it grows[change | edit source]

C. nepalensis grows in southern slopes of the Himalayas (Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan), usually between 800-2500 m.[5]

This species was also found in southern China in mountain slopes at 200—3200 m high. It has been found in the Chinese provinces of Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hong Kong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan.[6]

Other websites[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Tien-lu Ming and Anthony R. Brach. "Coriaceae" (in English) (PDF). http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/mss/volume11/Coriariaceae.pdf. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
  2. Tropicos.org. "Coriaria nepalensis Wall.". http://www.tropicos.org/Name/8600020?projectid=32. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
  3. "Coriaria nepalensis in Flowers of India". http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Masuri%20Berry.html. Retrieved 2013-02-22.
  4. Yokoyama, J., Suzuki M., Iwatsuki K., & Hasebe M. (2000). "Molecular phylogeny of Coriaria, with special emphasis on the disjunct distribution.". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 14 (1): 11-19.
  5. Abdul Ghafoor. "Coriaria nepalensis in Flora of Pakistan". http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200012674. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
  6. Tien-lu Ming and Anthony R. Brach. "Coriaria nepalensis in Flora of China". http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200012674. Retrieved 2013-02-10.