Crater Lake National Park

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Crater Lake National Park
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Location southwestern Oregon, United States
Nearest city Medford
Coordinates 42°54′43″N 122°08′53″W / 42.91183°N 122.14807°W / 42.91183; -122.14807Coordinates: 42°54′43″N 122°08′53″W / 42.91183°N 122.14807°W / 42.91183; -122.14807
Area 183,225 acres (74,149 ha)[1]
Established May 22, 1902 (1902-05-22)
Visitors 423,551 (in 2011)[2]
Governing body National Park Service

Crater Lake National Park is a national park in the U.S. state of Oregon. It was created in 1902. It is the only national park in Oregon.[3] The park includes the caldera of Crater Lake, the remains of the destroyed volcano Mount Mazama, and nearby hills and forests.

The lake is 1,943 feet (592 m) deep.[4] It is the deepest lake in the United States, the second deepest in North America and the ninth deepest in the world.[4] The lake is so deep because of the caldera it is in.

Crater Lake has no streams flowing into or out of it. All water that enters the lake is eventually lost from evaporation or flowing away underground. The lake is re-filled only from snow and rain.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. http://www.nature.nps.gov/stats/Acreage/acrebypark11cy.pdf. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  2. "Five Year Annual Recreation Visits Report". Public Use Statistic Office, National Park Service. http://www.nature.nps.gov/stats/viewReport.cfm?selectedReport=SystemComparisonReport.cfm. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  3. "Crater Lake". National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/crla/home.htm. Retrieved August 18, 2006.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "The World's Deepest Lakes". National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/crla/planyourvisit/upload/2010-deepest-lakes-sb.pdf. Retrieved March 14, 2012.