|- elevation||35 m (115 ft)|
|Area||1,020.73 km² (394 sq mi)|
|Density||62.7 /km² (162 /sq mi)|
4 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
Dajabón is bordered to the north by the Monte Cristi province, to the east by the Santiago Rodríguez province and to the south by the Elías Piña province. To the west Dajabón borders the Republic of Haiti.
Origin of name [change]
For a very long time, very few people lived in this region because it was on the border between two countries: first, between the French colony of Saint-Domingue and the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo and later between the two independent countries of Haiti and Dominican Republic. There were many fights here between the armies of the two parts of the island and some important battles were held close to the city of Dajabón during the Dominican Independence War.
In 1861, the Dominican Republic became again a colony of Spain. The Restoration War, or just the Restoration, started on 16 August 1863, in a hill close to Capotillo. The Spanish army left the country in 1865.
After the Restoration, people came to live in this area and several towns were created.
In 2010 (last national census), there were 63,955 people living in the Dajabón province: 32,943 men and 31,012 women. There were 38,225 (59.77%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 62.7 persons/km².
Its population represents 2.0% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 14th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
The following table shows the municipalities with their populations in the 2010 census.
|Loma de Cabrera||15,624||9,213||6,411|
The Cordillera Central ("Central mountain chain") is in the southern part of the province. The northern part is flat, with many savannas; it is part of the Yaque del Norte Valley (or Línea Noroeste).
There are two main roads in the province. One, from north to south, comes from the Monte Cristi province and goes through the cities of Dajabón, Loma de Cabrera and Restauración and then goes into the Elías Piña province. In some parts, the road marks the border with Haiti.
The second main road begins in Santiago de la Cruz and goes to the east through Partido and El Pino and then through the Santiago Rodríguez and Valverde provinces to end in the Carretera Duarte (Duarte National Road), one of the most important road of the country and that goes from Santo Domingo to Monte Cristi.
The only important river in the province is the Dajabón River, also known as Masacre (from French Massacre). This river marks the Dominican-Haitian border from the city of Dajabón to its mouth. Other rivers are very short and they are tributaries of the Dajabon or the Artibonite rivers.
The climate of the province is a tropical climate, hot most of the year, but it is cooler on the mountains.
The municipalities and municipal districts (M.D.) are:
- Dajabón, head municipality of the province
- Cañongo (M.D.)
- El Pino
- Manuel Bueno (M.D.)
- Loma de Cabrera
As in all provinces on the Dominican Republic-Haiti border, there is little economic development. The trade with Haiti is very important, mostly in the city of Dajabón. On the mountains, coffee and beans are important products. Rice and bananas are produced in the northern part of the province, and cattle raising is important around the city of Dajabón.
- Rodríguez, Cayetano Armando (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía de la Isla de Santo Domingo y Reseña de las Demás Antillas, Second Edition. Santo Domingo: Sociedad Dominicana de Geografía, Vol. XI. pp. 399.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
- Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadística
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.