Dajabón Province

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Coordinates: 19°34′0″N 71°42′0″W / 19.566667°N 71.7°W / 19.566667; -71.7
Dajabón
Province
Country  Dominican Republic
Capital Dajabón
 - elevation 35 m (115 ft)
 - coordinates 19°34′0″N 71°42′0″W / 19.566667°N 71.7°W / 19.566667; -71.7
Area 1,020.73 km² (394 sq mi)
Population 63,955 (2010) [1]
Density 63 /km² (163 /sq mi)
Province since 1938
Subdivisions 5 municipalities
4 municipal districts
Congresspersons 1 Senator
2 Deputies
Timezone AST (UTC-4)
Area code 1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2 DO-05
Location of the Dajabón Province
Location of the Dajabón Province

Dajabón is a Dominican province; it is in the northwestern part of the country, on the border with Haiti. Its capital city has the same name, Dajabón.

It was created on 1938 with the name Province Libertador. It got its present name in 1961. It was part of the Monte Cristi province before being elevated to the category of province.

Location[change | edit source]

Dajabón is bordered to the north by the Monte Cristi province, to the east by the Santiago Rodríguez province and to the south by the Elías Piña province. To the west Dajabón borders the Republic of Haiti.

Origin of name[change | edit source]

The province takes the name from the Taíno name of the region, Dahaboon; it was also the name of the main river of the region (the Dajabón River).[2]

History[change | edit source]

For a very long time, very few people lived in this region because it was on the border between two countries: first, between the French colony of Saint-Domingue and the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo and later between the two independent countries of Haiti and Dominican Republic. There were many fights here between the armies of the two parts of the island and some important battles were held close to the city of Dajabón during the Dominican Independence War.

In 1861, the Dominican Republic became again a colony of Spain. The Restoration War, or just the Restoration, started on 16 August 1863, in a hill close to Capotillo. The Spanish army left the country in 1865.

After the Restoration, people came to live in this area and several towns were created.

Population[change | edit source]

In 2010 (last national census), there were 63,955 people living in the Dajabón province: 32,943 men and 31,012 women. There were 38,225 (59.77%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 62.7 persons/km².[3]

Its population represents 2.0% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 14th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

The largest city of the province is Dajabón, its head municipality or capital, with a population (in 2010) of 25,245 inhabitants.[3]

The following table shows the municipalities with their populations in the 2010 census.[3]

Municipality Total
population
Urban
population
Rural
population
Dajabón &&&&&&&&&&028071.&&&&&028,071 &&&&&&&&&&021640.&&&&&021,640 &&&&&&&&&&&06431.&&&&&06,431
El Pino &&&&&&&&&&&06035.&&&&&06,035 &&&&&&&&&&&02164.&&&&&02,164 &&&&&&&&&&&03871.&&&&&03,871
Loma de Cabrera &&&&&&&&&&015624.&&&&&015,624 &&&&&&&&&&&09213.&&&&&09,213 &&&&&&&&&&&06411.&&&&&06,411
Partido &&&&&&&&&&&06951.&&&&&06,951 &&&&&&&&&&&02396.&&&&&02,396 &&&&&&&&&&&04555.&&&&&04,555
Restauración &&&&&&&&&&&07274.&&&&&07,274 &&&&&&&&&&&02812.&&&&&02,812 &&&&&&&&&&&04462.&&&&&04,462
Dajabón province &&&&&&&&&&063955.&&&&&063,955 &&&&&&&&&&038225.&&&&&038,225 &&&&&&&&&&025730.&&&&&025,730

Geography[change | edit source]

Landscape of Dajabón

The Dajabón province has a total area of 1,020.73 km².[4] It has 2.1% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 23rd (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.

The Cordillera Central ("Central mountain chain") is in the southern part of the province. The northern part is flat, with many savannas; it is part of the Yaque del Norte Valley (or Línea Noroeste).

There are two main roads in the province. One, from north to south, comes from the Monte Cristi province and goes through the cities of Dajabón, Loma de Cabrera and Restauración and then goes into the Elías Piña province. In some parts, the road marks the border with Haiti.

The second main road begins in Santiago de la Cruz and goes to the east through Partido and El Pino and then through the Santiago Rodríguez and Valverde provinces to end in the Carretera Duarte (Duarte National Road), one of the most important road of the country and that goes from Santo Domingo to Monte Cristi.

Rivers[change | edit source]

The only important river in the province is the Dajabón River, also known as Masacre (from French Massacre). This river marks the Dominican-Haitian border from the city of Dajabón to its mouth. Other rivers are very short and they are tributaries of the Dajabon or the Artibonite rivers.

Climate[change | edit source]

The climate of the province is a tropical climate, hot most of the year, but it is cooler on the mountains.

Municipalities[change | edit source]

There are five municipalities and four municipal districts in the province.[5] The municipal districts are similar to municipalities but they depend on a municipality.

The municipalities and municipal districts (M.D.) are:

Economy[change | edit source]

As in all provinces on the Dominican Republic-Haiti border, there is little economic development. The trade with Haiti is very important, mostly in the city of Dajabón. On the mountains, coffee and beans are important products. Rice and bananas are produced in the northern part of the province, and cattle raising is important around the city of Dajabón.

References[change | edit source]

  1. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  2. Rodríguez, Cayetano Armando (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía de la Isla de Santo Domingo y Reseña de las Demás Antillas, Second Edition. Santo Domingo: Sociedad Dominicana de Geografía, Vol. XI. pp. 399.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
  4. Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadística
  5. Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.