Day of Ashura

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Day of Ashura
Day of Ashura
Shi'a Muslims of Hardoi, Northern India, strike their chests during the mourning of Ashura 2011
Official name Arabic: عاشوراء (ʻĀshūrā’); Turkish: Aşure Günü
Also called Hosay, Tabuik, Tabot
Observed by Shi'a Muslims
Type Islamic and national (In some countries such as India, Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Lebanon)
Significance Marks the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali (Shi'a Islam); The day that Moses fasted as gratitude for the liberation of the Israelites (Sunni Islam)
Date 10 Muharram
2013 date November 14
Observances Mourn and derive messages from Husayn's Sacrifice(Shi'a Islam); Fasting (Sunni Islam)

The Day of Ashura is on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. It is the high point of the Remembrance of Muharram.

Shi'a Muslims mourn for the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad. He died at the Battle of Karbala on 10 Muharram in the year 61 AH (October 10, 680 AD).[1] According to Sunni Muslim tradition, Muhammad fasted on this day and asked other people to fast.[2][3]

In some Shi'a regions of Muslim countries such as Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, Lebanon, and Bahrain, the Commemoration of Husayn ibn Ali has become a national holiday. Most ethnic and religious communities participate in it. Even in a mostly Hindu country like India, Ashura is a public holiday.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Battle of Karbala". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved on 13 October 2007. 
  2. Sahih Bukhari 1900; Sahih Muslim 1130
  3. Javed Ahmad Ghamidi. Mizan, The Fast, Al-Mawrid