Democratic Republic of Georgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Democratic Republic of Georgia
საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა

1918–1921
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Dideba Zetsit Kurtheuls
Praise Be To The Heavenly Bestower of Blessings
Map of the South Caucasus 1918–1921
(Democratic Republic of Georgia shown in beige)
Capital Tbilisi
Language(s) Georgian
Religion Georgian Orthodox Christianity[source?]
Government Republic
Chairman
 - 1918 Noe Ramishvili
 - 1918–1921 Noe Zhordania
Historical era Interwar period
 - Established May 26, 1918
 - Soviet invasion 11 February 1921
 - Soviet annexation 25 February 1921
Area
 - 1919 107,600 km2 (41,545 sq mi)
Population
 - 1919 est. 2,500,000 
     Density 23.2 /km2  (60.2 /sq mi)
Currency Georgian maneti
Today part of  Georgia
 Armenia
 Azerbaijan
 Russia
 Turkey

The Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG; Georgian: საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა, Sakartvelos Demokratiuli Respublika), 1918–1921, was the first modern establishment of a Republic of Georgia.

Georgia's capital was Tbilisi, and its state language was Georgian. Created on May 26, 1918, on the break-up of the Transcaucasian Federation, it was led by the Social Democratic Menshevik party. Facing permanent internal and external problems, the young state was not able to withstand the invasion by the Russian SFSR Red Armies. It collapsed between February and March of 1921 to become a Soviet republic.