Denmark-Norway

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Denmark–Norway
Danmark–Norge
Unitary personal union (1524-1536) and (1660-1814)
Dualistic unitary state (1536-1660)

1524–1814
 

Flag Royal Coat of arms
Map of Denmark–Norway, c. 1780
Capital Copenhagen
Language(s) Official use: Danish, German, Latin
Minority: Norwegian, IcelandicFaroese, Norn, Frisian, Greenlandic, Western Sami languages, Low German
Religion Lutheran
Government Elective monarchy (Denmark) 1524-1660, Absolute monarchy from 1660.
King
 - 1524–1533 Frederick I
 - 1588–1648 Christian IV
 - 1648–1670 Frederick III
 - 1808–1839a Frederick VI
Historical era Early modern Europe
 - Gustav Vasa elected
    king of Sweden

6 June 1523
 - Kalmar Union collapsed 1524
 - Danish rigsråd
    abolished

14 October 1660
 - Lex Regia confirms
    absolutism

14 November 1665
 - Treaty of Brömsebro 13 August 1645
 - Treaty of Roskilde 26 February 1658
 - Treaty of Kiel 14 January 1814
 - Congress of Vienna September 1814 – June 1815
Area
 - 1780b 487,476 km2 (188,216 sq mi)
Population
 - 1645c est. 1,315,000 
 - 1801d est. 1,859,000 
Currency
Today part of

As territory

As colonies

  • a: Frederick VI was regent for his father, so ruled as de facto king from 14 April 1784. He continued to rule Denmark after the Treaty of Kiel until his death on 3 Decembe 1839.
  • b: Denmark (43,094 km2 or 16,639 sq mi), Schleswig-Holstein (15,763 km2 or 6,086 sq mi), Norway (mainland: 324,220 km2 or 125,180 sq mi), Faroes (1,399 km2 or 540 sq mi), Iceland (103,000 km2 or 40,000 sq mi). (With Greenland: additional 2,175,600 km2 or 840,000 sq mi.)
  • c: Estimated 825,000 in Denmark, 440,000 in Norway and 50,000 in Iceland[1]
  • d: 929,000 in Denmark, 883,000 in Norway and 47,000 in Iceland[2]

The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway was a union between the two kingdoms Denmark and Norway, which lasted from 1536 to 1814.[3][4] During this time, the capital of both countries was Copenhagen, and they shared the same military. The kingdom also possessed colonies in Greenland, Iceland, Africa, the Caribbean and India.

Monarchs[change | change source]

  • 1524–1533: Frederick I
  • 1588–1648: Christian IV
  • 1648–1670: Frederick III
  • 1808–1814: Frederick VI

References[change | change source]

  1. Historisk Tidsskrift: Nyt om Trediveårskrigen (Danish)
  2. Tacitus.no - Skandinaviens befolkning (Swedish)
  3. "Denmark" (in English). World Statesmen. http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Denmark.html. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  4. "Norway" (in English). World Statesmen. http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Norway.htm. Retrieved 18 January 2015.