Design management

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"Simply put, design management is the business side of design. Design management encompasses the ongoing processes, business decisions, and strategies that enable innovation and create effectively-designed products, services, communications, environments, and brands that enhance our quality of life and provide organizational success."[1] This means that design management is not limited on a single design discipline. In his 'Classification of Design' (1976), Gorb divided design into three different classes; design management operates in and across all three categories:

  • Product (e.g. industrial design, packaging design, service design)
  • Information (e.g. graphic design, branding, media design, web design)
  • Environment (e.g. retail design, exhibition design, interior design)

Design management is not independent from the organization and product context, and plays three integrative key roles in the interface of design, organisation and market:

  1. align design strategy with corporate and/or brand strategy
  2. manage quality and consistency of design outcomes across and within different design disciplines (design classes)
  3. enhance new ways of user experience and differentiation from competitors

Supportive activities are used in design management to manage design more efficient ('doing the things right') and effectively ('doing the right things'). Depending on a multitude of factors (such as industry, company size, design focus, market situation and the position / role of design within the company), design managers have a broad range of job profiles, with very different roles, activities and responsibilities.

Historical development[change | change source]

It is difficult to exactly trace the history of design management. Even though design management as an expression is first mentioned in literature in 1964, earlier contributions created the context in which design management could arise. Throughout its history design management was influenced by a number of different disciplines (e.g. architecture, industrial design, management, software development, engineering) and movements (e.g. system theory, design methodologies) and in its understanding it can be attributed neither directly to design nor to management.

Historical development of design management: [2]

PERIOD MAIN PERSPECTIVE DESIGN ROLE DESIGN MANAGEMENT FOCUS MAIN ACTORS
1940s to 1950s Design as style Quality communication Project management Alessi, Braun
1960s to 1970s Design as process Innovation NPD innovation management Philips, Sony
1980s to 1990s Design as leadership Creativity strategy Brand Apple
2000s to 2010s Design thinking New business model Creative organisation IDEO

Design Management Hierarchy[change | change source]

Design management can be divided by its different fields of application into the three different levels:

  1. operational design management [3] [4] [5] [6]
    Operational design management is concerned with the management of individual design projects and design teams.
  2. tactical design management [6]
    Tactical design management addressed the organisation of design resources and design processes.
  3. strategic design management [4] [7] [6]
    Strategic design management involves the creation of the strategic, long-term vision & planning for design and deals with defining the role of design within the company.

References[change | change source]

  1. DMI. "Design Management Definition; April 24th, 2010)". DMI. http://www.dmi.org. Retrieved April 24th, 2010.
  2. Borja de Mozota, B.; Bo Young Yim (2009). DMI Review Managing Design as a Core Competency Lessons from Korea (Spring ed.). Boston: DMI.
  3. Oakley, M. (1984). Managing Product Design. London. pp. 8ff.. ISBN 0-471-81637-X.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Olins, W. (1985). The Wolff Olins Guide to Design Management. London. pp. 32.
  5. Topalian, A.. The Management of Design Projects. pp. 58.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Mozota, B.d. (1996). Design management: using design to built brand value and corporate innovation. New York: Allworth Press. ISBN 1-58115-283-3.
  7. Topalian, A.. The Management of Design Projects. pp. 58.

Other pages[change | change source]


Further reading[change | change source]

Books

  • Farr, M. (1966). Design Management. London.
  • Oakley, M. (1984). Managing Product Design. London. ISBN 0-471-81637-X.
  • Kicherer, Sibylle (1987). Industrie Design als Leistungsbereich von Unternehmen (Dissertation ed.). München.
  • Wolf, Brigitte (1993). Design Management in the German industry. (Dissertation (supervisor: Koppelmann, U.) ed.). Frankfurt: Anabas Verlag. ISBN 3-87038-247-3.
  • Spieß, Heinrich (1993). Integrated Design Management.. Cologne: Fördergesellschaft Produktmarketing. ISBN 3-922292-28-3.
  • Hammer, N. (1994). Die stillen Designer - Manager des Designs. Essen: Design Zentrum NRW. ISBN 3-929227-12-6.
  • Rummel, Carlo (1995). Designmanagement (Dissertation ed.). Wiesbaden.
  • Cooper; Press (1995). The Design Agenda / A Guide to Successful Design Management. Chichester.
  • Buck; Vogt (1997). Design Management / Was Produkte wirklich erfolgreich macht. Wiesbaden.
  • Meier-Kortwig, Hans Jörg (1997). Design Management als Beratungsangebot.
  • Bruce, M.; Cooper, R. (1997). Marketing and Design Management. Boston: Thomson Business Press. ISBN 1-86152-173-1.
  • Koppelmann, U. (2000). Produktmarketing (6th edition ed.). Berlin.
  • Kern (2000). Design als integrierender Faktor der Unternehmensentwicklung. Wiesbaden. ISBN 3-540-67147-1.
  • Meyer, D. (1994). Design management in middlesized companies. Frankfurt a. M.: German Design Council. ISBN 3-922885-71-3.
  • Myerson, J. (2001). IDEO: Masters of Innovation. London: Neues Publishing Company. ISBN 3-8238-5485-2.
  • Kelley, J.; Peters, J. (2001). The Art of Innovation: Lessons in Creativity from IDEO, America's Leading Design Firm. Currency. ISBN 0-38549-984-1.
  • Jerhard; Hands; Ingrim (2002). Design Management Case Studies. New York.
  • Bruce, M.; Bessant, J. (2002). Design in Business - Strategic Innovation through Design. Essex (Great Britain): Pearson Education. ISBN 0-27364-374-6.
  • Buck, H. (2003). Design Management in der Praxis. Stuttgart.
  • Mozota, B. (2003). Design management: using design to built brand value and corporate innovation. New York: Allworth Press. ISBN 1-58115-283-3.
  • Phillips (2004). Creating the Perfect Design Brief / How to Manage Design for Strategic Advantage. New York.
  • Kern (2005). Designmanagement / Die Kompetenz der Kreativen. Hildesheim.
  • Koostra, G: (2006). Designmanagement, design effectief benutten om ondernemingssucces te creeren. ISBN 9-04301172-X.
  • Rizal (2006). Managing Collaborative Design in the Conceptual Design Phase.
  • Best, Kathryn (2006). Design Management: Managing Design Strategy, Process and Implementation. Lausanne. ISBN 978-2940373123.
  • Brauer (2007). Erfolgsfaktor Design-Management / Ein Leitfaden für Unternehmer und Designer. Basel.
  • Moultrie (2007). Development of a Design Audit Tool for SMEs.

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