Origins[change | edit source]
Not much is known about where the Dhund Abbasi come from. There several stories, but all of them involve common descent from one ancestor. One side of the stories suggests that the Dhund are native to the area; the other claims descent from Arabs. The founder of the tribe was named Dhund. The tribe also claim to be descended from ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib. He was an uncle of the Prophet Muhammad. His descendants founded the Abbasid Caliphate in what is now Iraq. Donnan (1988) writes that the name "Abbasi" was adopted by the Dhund after their conversion to Islam. According to him, many Dhund claim that they the descendants of both Abbas and Dhund.
One story is that the Dhund came from Arabia with the armies of Muhammad bin Qasim when he invaded Sindh. According to another story, they came much later, when Muhammad Ghori asked for help from the Abbasid caliph. Nine hundred Abbasis came to India for help and settled in the areas after the Ghorids won the war against Prithviraj Chauhan. Later they spread to other parts of India, such as Sindh, Rothak, Karnal, Muradabad and Bahawalpur.
Another story says that they share the same ancestry as their neighbours, the Tanoli. This story says that their ancestor came to India with Timur. A descendant of this ancestor went to Kahuta during the reign of Shah Jahan. His sons were the ancestors of the Abbasi, the Tanoli, and several other modern tribes. The son who produced the Abbasis is said to have married a Kashmiri woman.
British and later scholars have said that these stories are probably not true. They instead claim that all of these tribes are of local, Hindu origin. They have said that the Dhund are closely related to the Karlal tribe also living nearby. In the censuses of 1881, 1891 and 1901, many of the Dhund identified as either "Dhund" or "Rajputs". Rose and others (1911) wrote that the Dhund tribespeople in Hazara claimed descent from Rajput chieftains and continued to practise Hindu customs. However, Donnan wrote that this was an unusual claim and that it was generally accepted that the Dhund had converted to Islam.
Related pages[change | edit source]
References[change | edit source]
- Sarwat Ali (25 June 2006). "Mystique of Murree - Review". Footloose. The News. Archived from the original on 6 September 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080906181551/http://www.jang.com.pk/thenews/jun2006-weekly/nos-25-06-2006/foo.htm.
- "Tribes and Language". Murree. http://www.murreehill.com/tribes.htm. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- Pahari-Potwari Ethnologue
- Hastings Donnan (1988). Marriage Among Muslims: Preference and Choice in Northern Pakistan. International Studies in Sociology and Social Anthropology. Delhi: Hindustan Pub. Corp.; BRILL. pp. 43–47, 60. ISBN 9789004084162. http://books.google.com.au/books?id=PL_ACoFwJ2gC&pg=PA60. "...elsewhere it is recorded that Dhund show little trace of Hindu influences (Punjab District Gazeteer, 1909a:72)."
- Horace Arthur Rose; Denzil Ibbetson; Edward Douglas Maclagan (1911). A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North-West frontier province. 2. Lahore: Government Printing. pp. 240–241. https://archive.org/details/glossaryoftribes03rose.
- Huston Smith, Cyril Glasse (2002), The new encyclopedia of Islam, Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press, ISBN 978-0759-10190-6
- Denzil Ibbetson (1916). Panjab Castes. Lahore: Government Printing. p. 152. https://archive.org/details/panjabcastes00ibbe.
- Hazara District Gazeteer 1883-84, pub 1884, pp. 69-70
- Census Report of Hazara District, 1881, with Appendices on tribal relations, alliances and origins, pp. 34, 36-37; also see Y. Gankovsky (1964) The Peoples of Pakistan: An Ethnic Study. Lahore; and O. P. Mayne (1956) Amongst the Pathans and their neighbouring tribes. Karachi.
More reading[change | edit source]
- Hastings Donnan (July 1985), "The Rules and Rhetoric of Marriage Negotiations among the Dhund Abbasi of Northeast Pakistan", Ethnology (University of Pittsburgh) 24 (3): 183-196, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3773609