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They may be partly of Arab descent[source?].However, British and most other historians and scholars believe they are of local, indigenous Hindu descent and closely related to the Karlal tribe also living nearby.
- Mystique of Murree - Review
- Hazara District Gazeteer 1883-84, pub 1884, pp.69-70
- Census Report of Hazara District, 1881, with Appendices on tribal relations, alliances and origins, P. 34, pp. 36-37; also see Gankovsky, Y The Peoples of Pakistan: An Ethnic Study 1964, Lahore and Mayne, OP, Amongst the Pathans and their neighbouring tribes 1956, Karachi