Eastern Cape

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Eastern Cape
Oos-Kaap (Afrikaans)
EMpuma Koloni (Xhosa)
Province of South Africa
Motto: Development through Unity
Map showing the location of the Eastern Cape in the southern part of South Africa
Location of the Eastern Cape in South Africa
Country South Africa
Established 27 April 1994
Capital Bhisho
Largest city Port Elizabeth
Districts
Government
 • Type Parliamentary system
 • Premier Phumulo Masualle (ANC)
Area[1]:9
 • Total 168,966 km2 (65,238 sq mi)
Area rank 2nd in South Africa
Highest elevation 3,019 m (9,905 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)[1]:18[2]
 • Total 6,562,053
 • Estimate (2013) 6,620,100
 • Rank 3rd in South Africa
 • Density 38.83653/km2 (100.58615/sq mi)
 • Density rank 6th in South Africa
Population groups[1]:21
 • Black African 86.3%
 • Coloured 8.3%
 • White 4.7%
 • Indian or Asian 0.4%
Languages[1]:25
 • Xhosa 78.8%
 • Afrikaans 10.6%
 • English 5.6%
 • Sotho 2.5%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code ZA-EC

The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho. Its two largest cities are Port Elizabeth and East London. It was formed in 1994. It was the home of the 1820 settlers. The central and eastern part of the province is the traditional home of the Xhosa people.

This region is the birthplace of many famous South African politicians, such as Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Walter Sisulu, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba, Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe, Chris Hani, Thabo Mbeki, Steve Biko and Charles Coghlan.

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