|An Indian Saw-scaled Viper, E. carinatus|
Echis is a genus of venomous vipers found in dry regions of Africa, Middle East, Pakistan, India, and Sri Lanka. The name "Echis" is a Greek word which means "viper". Echis is also known as the "Saw-scaled Vipers", or the "Carpet Vipers". They are responsible for most of the snakebites and deaths in the world. There is currently eight species found.
Description[change | edit source]
The Saw-scaled Vipers are a small group of snakes, with adults growing up to the length of 90 cm (36 in). Its head is short, wide and pear-shaped, its snout is short and round, and it has large eyes.
Where it lives[change | edit source]
Diet[change | edit source]
Reproduction[change | edit source]
Most species of the Saw-scaled Viper, like the ones found in Africa, are oviparous meaning they lay eggs, while other species, like the ones found in India, are viviparous meaning they give live birth.
Species[change | edit source]
- Indian Saw-scaled Viper, E. carinatus
- Palestine Saw-scaled Viper, E. coloratus
- Hughes' Saw-scaled Viper, E. hughesi
- Jogers' Saw-scaled Viper, E. jogeri
- White-bellied Carpet Viper, E. leucogaster
- Cherlin's Saw-scaled Viper, E. megalocephalus
- African Saw-scaled Viper, E. ocellatus
- Egyptian Saw-scaled Viper, E. pyramidum