|Rt Hon Sir Edmund Barton|
|1st Prime Minister of Australia|
1 January 1901 – 24 September 1903
|Succeeded by||Alfred Deakin|
|Constituency||Hunter (New South Wales)|
|Born||18 January 1849
Glebe, Sydney, New South Wales
|Died||7 January 1920
Medlow Bath, New South Wales
He was elected to the first Australian parliament in 1901 as the member for Hunter. He had a big part in making Australia a nation. His government passed laws stopping non-white people from coming to Australia and allowing women to vote in elections. After he was Prime Minister he became a judge of the High Court.
Political career[change | change source]
Barton was chosen as the Speaker of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly in 1883. He served as the speaker until 1887. In 1891, he was a member of the committee writing the Constitution of Australia. In 1900, he led a group of Australians to London to present the country's first Constitution to the British Parliament. Barton was elected as Australia's first Prime Minister on 1 January 1901, when the new constitution went into effect. He also served as the Minister External Affairs (foreign policy and international relations). He resigned on 24 September 1903, and became a senior judge in the new High Court of Australia, and held that position until his death in 1920.
References[change | change source]
- "Biography". primeministers.naa.gov.au. http://primeministers.naa.gov.au/meetpm.asp?pageName=inoffice&pmId=2#2. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
|Prime Ministers of Australia|
|Barton | Deakin | Watson | Reid | Fisher | Cook | Hughes | Bruce | Scullin | Lyons | Page | Menzies | Fadden | Curtin | Forde | Chifley | Holt | McEwen | Gorton | McMahon | Whitlam | Fraser | Hawke | Keating | Howard | Rudd | Gillard | Abbott|