Eldiguzids (Atabegs of Azerbaijan)
This article is part of the series on:
|Atabegs of Azerbaijan|
|Early Modern History|
|Khanates of the Caucasus|
|Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan|
|Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic|
|Republic of Azerbaijan|
The Ildegizids, Eldiguzids (Persian: ایلدگزیان, Azerbaijani: Eldəgəzlər) or Ildenizids, also known as Atabegs of Azerbaijan (Persian: اتابکان آذربایجان Atabakan-e Āzarbayjan, Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Atabəylər Dövləti) were a Turkic dynasty of Kipchak origin. They controlled most of northwestern Persia, eastern Transcaucasia, including Arran, most of Azerbaijan, and Djibal. At their biggest, the land they had was about most of north-western and upper-central modern Iran, most of the regions of modern Azerbaijan and smaller portions in modern Armenia, Turkey and Iraq.
Atabeg means "father lord" in Turkic languages. It was the title given to the Turkic slave officers who were guardians of minor Seljuq rulers. Atabegs were not only tutors and vice-regents of their princes, but also de-facto rulers.
List of Eldiguzids (Atabegs of Azerbaijan)[change | change source]
- Shams al-Din Ildeniz or Eldigüz (ca.1135 or 1136-1174 or 1175)
- Mohammed Jahan Pahlavan (1174 or 1175–1186)
- Qizil Arslan (1186–1191)
- Abu Bakr (1191–1210)
- Uzbek (1210–1225)
References[change | change source]
- Lewis, Bernard (1994). Sir Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb. ed. Encyclopedia of Islam. 10. Brill. p. 554. http://books.google.com/books?id=PJPrAAAAMAAJ.
- C.E. Bosworth, "Ildenizids or Eldiguzids", Encyclopaedia of Islam, Edited by P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs et al., Encyclopædia of Islam, 2nd Edition., 12 vols. with indexes and etc., Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1960–2005. Vol 3. pp 1110-111. Excerpt 1: "Ildenizids or Eldiguzids, a line of Atabegs of Turkish slave commanders who governed most of northwestern Persia, including Arran, most of Azarbaijan, and Djibal, during the second half of the 6th/12th century and the early decades of the 7th/13th century". Excerpt 2: "The Turkish Ildenizids shared to the full in the Perso-Islamic civilization"
- Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1996). The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual. Columbia University Press. pp. 199–200. ISBN 0231107145. http://books.google.com/books?id=2O_BQs6Sro0C&pg=PA199. "pp 199-200(Eldiguizds or Ildegizds): "The Elgiguzids or Ildegizds were a Turkish Atabeg dynasty who controlled most of Azerbaijan (apart from the region of Maragha held by another Atabeg line, the Ahamadilis), Arran and northern Jibal during the second half the twelfth century when the Great Seljuq Sultane of Western Persia and Iraq was in full decay and unable to prevent the growth of virtually independent powers in the province", pp 199-200: "Eldiguz (Arabic-Persian sources write 'y.l.d.k.z) was originally a Qipchaq military slave", pp199-200: "The historical significance of these Atabegs thus lies in their firm control over most of north-western Persia during the later Seljuq periodand also their role in Transcaucasia as champions of Islamagainst the resurgent Bagtarid Kings". pp 199: "In their last phase, the Eldiguzids were once more local rulers in Azerbaijan and eastern Transcaucasia, hard pressed by the aggressive Georgians, and they did not survive the troubled decades of the thirteenth century"."
- Hodgson, Marshall G.S. (1977). The expansion of Islam in the middle periods Volume 1. University of Chicago Press. p. 262. ISBN 0226346846. http://books.google.com/books?id=nzJeEKoZPhUC&pg=PA262.
- Luther, K.A. (December 15, 1987). "Atabakan-e Ādarbayjan". Encyclopædia Iranica. http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/atabakan-e-adarbayjan. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Hodgson, Marshall G.S. The Venture of Islam: Conscience and History in a World Civilization, University of Chicago Press, 1974, ISBN 0-226-47693-6, p. 260