Eleanor of Aquitaine

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Eleanor of Aquitaine
Queen consort of France
Queen consort of England
Eleanor with her youngest son, King John
Eleanor with her youngest son, King John
Duchess of Aquitaine; Countess of Poitiers
Reign 9 April 1137 – 1 April 1204
Predecessor William X
Successor John
Spouse Louis VII, King of the Franks
m. 1137; ann. 1152
Henry II Curtmantle, King of the English
m. 1152; wid. 1189
Issue
Marie, Countess of Champagne
Alix, Countess of Blois
William IX, Count of Poitiers
Henry the Young King
Matilda, Duchess of Saxony
Richard I the Lionheart, King of the English
Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany
Leonora, Queen of Castile
Joan, Queen of Sicily
John Lackland, King of England
House House of Poitiers
Father William X, Duke of Aquitaine
Mother Aenor de Châtellerault
Born 1124
Belin Castle, Aquitaine
Died 1 April 1204 (aged c. 81/82)
Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud
Burial Fontevraud Abbey

Eleanor of Aquitaine (c. 1122 – March 31, 1204) was the daughter of William X of Aquitaine. She had a younger sister called Petronilla of Aquitaine. She brought the province of Aquitaine to England when she married Henry II of England. It stayed under English control for 300 years.

Life[change | change source]

Eleanor inherited land in France at the age of 15. She married Louis VII of France on July 22, 1137, and had two daughters:

The marriage was later annulled, as there were no male children.

Eleanor then married Henry II of England on May 18, 1152, and had eight children, including:

Life[change | change source]

Eleanor was greatly known for her work in the Second Crusade, for she inspired many people to join.

Eleanor supported a revolt by her children against their father's rule in 1173. This revolt was unsuccessful, and King Henry II was so furious that he locked her away in a prison. In 1189, after King Henry II died and her son, Richard, came to be the king, Eleanor was freed. Shortly after, Richard died so she supported her son John to take the English throne against the claim of her grandson Arthur of Brittany. In 1202 during the campaign at Mairebeau, she continued to thwart Arthur. Emerging triumphant, Eleanor retired to a monastery. She died there on April 1, 1204.[1][2][3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Eleanor of Aquitaine." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Biography In Context. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
  2. "Eleanor of Aquitaine." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2013. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
  3. "Eleanor of Aquitaine." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.