Ellesmere Island is part of the Qikiqtaaluk Region of the Canadian territory of Nunavut. Lying in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago it is a part of the Queen Elizabeth Islands, with Cape Columbia being the most northerly point of land in Canada. It's area is 196,235 square kilometres (75,767 sq mi), making it the world's tenth biggest island and Canada's third biggest island. The Arctic Cordillera mountain system covers much of Ellesmere Island, so it has the most mountains in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. The Arctic Willow is the only woody species to grow on Ellesmere Island.
Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert on Ellesmere Island is the northernmost settlement in the world.
- Ed Kemmick (2007-10-25). "Researcher: Study of poles needed". Billingsgazette.net. http://www.billingsgazette.net/articles/2007/10/25/news/local/38-poles.txt. Retrieved 2007-10-25.