|Emperor of Japan|
|Born||9 July 1249|
|Died||4 October 1305 (aged 56)|
|Buried||Kameyama no Misasagi (Kyoto)|
Emperor Kameyama (亀山天皇 Kameyama-tennō) (9 July 1249 – 4 October 1305), was the 90th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign started in 1259 and ended in 1274.
Traditional history[change | edit source]
Events of Kameyama's life[change | edit source]
- 1259 (Shōgen 1, 11th month): In the 14th year of Go-Fukakusa's reign, he abdicated. Go-Fukakusa's younger brother received the succession (senso). Soon after, Emperor Kameyama accepted the monarch's role and duties and powers (sokui). This was confirmed in ceremonies.
- 1268 (Bun'ei 5): A letter from Kublai Khan demanding tribute was unanswered. The leader of China interpreted this non-response as disrespectful and discourteous.
- 19 November 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month): Yuan China (Kublai Khan) sends a fleet and an army to invade Japan. Some military forces are landed near Fukuoka in Kyūshū. This is called the "Battle of Bun'ei" or the 1st Mongol Invasion. The same day, a storm sinks many of the ships with the major part of the invading army. The invaders retreat to Korea. During the brief fighting, the Hakozaki Shrine was burned to the ground.
- 1281 (Kōan 4): This is called the "Battle of Kōan" or the 2nd Mongol Invasion. A typhoon destroyed the invading fleet; and the intervention of the divine wind is called "kamekaze.
- 1305 (Kagen 3): The former emperor died.
After his death[change | edit source]
Eras of reign[change | edit source]
The years of Kameyama's reign include more than one era name.
Related pages[change | edit source]
References[change | edit source]
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 亀山天皇 (90); retrieved 2011-10-16.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 253-261; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 232-233; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Kameyama Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 461.
- Titsingh, p. 253; Varley, p. 232.
- Martin, Peter. (1997). The Chrysanthemum Throne: a History of the Emperors of Japan, p. 81.
- Martin, pp. 81-82.
- Titsingh, p. 253.
- Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
- Titsingh, p. 261.
- Davis, Paul K. (2001). 100 decisive battles: from ancient times to the present, p. 147.
- Turnbull, Stephen R. (2003). Genghis Khan & the Mongol Conquests 1190–1400, p. 66.
- Martin, p. 81
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 422.
- Titsingh, pp. 253-261.
Other websites[change | edit source]
|Emperor of Japan