Emperor Kameyama

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Kameyama
Emperor of Japan
Emperor Kameyama
Reign 1259–1274
Born 9 July 1249
Died 4 October 1305 (aged 56)
Buried Kameyama no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Predecessor Go-Fukakusa
Successor Go-Uda

Emperor Kameyama (亀山天皇 Kameyama-tennō?) (9 July 1249 – 4 October 1305), was the 90th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.[1] His reign started in 1259 and ended in 1274.[2]

Traditional history[change | edit source]

Before he became the monarch, his personal name (imina) was Tsunehito-shinnō (恒仁親王?).[3] The posthumous name of Kameyama comes from the location of the emperor's tomb in a section of Kyoto.

He was the seventh son of Emperor Go-Saga and the younger brother of Emperor Go-Fukakusa.[4]

Kameyama was the father of 36 children, including the son and heir who would come to be known as Emperor Go-Uda.[5]

Events of Kameyama's life[change | edit source]

  • 1268 (Bun'ei 5): A letter from Kublai Khan demanding tribute was unanswered. The leader of China interpreted this non-response as disrespectful and discourteous.[4]
  • 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 1st month): In the 15th year of Kameyama's reign, he abdicated.[8]
  • 19 November 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month): Yuan China (Kublai Khan) sends a fleet and an army to invade Japan. Some military forces are landed near Fukuoka in Kyūshū. This is called the "Battle of Bun'ei" or the 1st Mongol Invasion. The same day, a storm sinks many of the ships with the major part of the invading army. The invaders retreat to Korea.[9] During the brief fighting, the Hakozaki Shrine was burned to the ground.[10]
  • 1281 (Kōan 4): This is called the "Battle of Kōan" or the 2nd Mongol Invasion. A typhoon destroyed the invading fleet; and the intervention of the divine wind is called "kamekaze.
The designated Imperial mausoleum (misasagi) of Emperor Kameyama at Kyoto.
  • 1305 (Kagen 3): The former emperor died.

After his death[change | edit source]

According to the Imperial Household Agency, the mausoleum (misasagi) of Kameyama is in Kyoto.[1] The emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine at this location.[12]

Eras of reign[change | edit source]

The years of Kameyama's reign include more than one era name.[13]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 亀山天皇 (90); retrieved 2011-10-16.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 253-261; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 232-233; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Kameyama Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 461.
  3. Titsingh, p. 253; Varley, p. 232.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Martin, Peter. (1997). The Chrysanthemum Throne: a History of the Emperors of Japan, p. 81.
  5. Martin, pp. 81-82.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Titsingh, p. 253.
  7. Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
  8. Titsingh, p. 261.
  9. Davis, Paul K. (2001). 100 decisive battles: from ancient times to the present, p. 147.
  10. Turnbull, Stephen R. (2003). Genghis Khan & the Mongol Conquests 1190–1400, p. 66.
  11. Martin, p. 81
  12. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 422.
  13. Titsingh, pp. 253-261.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Emperor Kameyama at Wikimedia Commons


Preceded by
Emperor Go-Fukakusa
Emperor of Japan
Kameyama

1260-1274
Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Uda