Estonia

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Republic of Estonia
Eesti Vabariik
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: 

Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm
My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Estonia  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Tallinn
59°25′N 24°45′E / 59.417°N 24.75°E / 59.417; 24.75
Official languages Estoniana
Recognised regional languages Võro
Setu
Ethnic groups (2012[1]) 69% Estoniansb
25.4% Russians
2.0% Ukrainians
1.1% Belarusians
0.8% Finns
1.6 % others
Demonym Estonian
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Toomas Hendrik Ilvesc
 -  Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas
 -  Parliament speaker Ene Ergma (IRL)
 -  Current coalition (RE, IRL)
Independence from Russia
 -  Autonomy declared 12 April 1917 
 -  Independence declared
Officially recognised
24 February 1918

2 February 1920 
 -  1st Soviet occupation 1940–1941 
 -  German occupation 1941–1944 
 -  2nd Soviet occupation 1944–1991 
 -  Independence restored 20 August 1991 
Area
 -  Total 45,227 km2 (132ndd)
17,413 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 4.45%
Population
 -  2010 estimate 1,340,194[2] (151st)
 -  2012 census 1,294,236[3]
 -  Density 29/km2 (181st)
75/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $27.313 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $21,059[4]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $22.225 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $16,636[4]
Gini (2009) 31.4
medium
HDI (2011) Increase 0.835[5]
very high · 34th
Currency Euro ()e (EUR)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
Calling code 372
Internet TLD .eef
a. Võro and Seto in southern counties are spoken along with Estonian. Russian is still unofficially spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn, due to the Soviet Union's program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers during the post-war period.
b. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[6]c. SDE member but nonpartisan while serving.
d. 47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are still occupied and part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[7] Pechory remains under Russian control.
e. Estonian kroon (EEK) before 2011.
f. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

Estonia Listeni/ɨsˈtniə/ (Estonian: Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik) is a small country in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe. The capital city is Tallinn. Estonia's neighbors are Sweden, Finland, Russia and Latvia. Its population is 1,332,893[8].

Estonia became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) on 29 March 2004. It joined the European Union on 1 May 2004.

Estonia is east from the Baltic Sea and the northest of the Baltic States.

Hiiu County Lääne County Saare County Harju County Lääne-Viru County Ida-Viru County Rapla County Pärnu County Järva County Viljandi County Jõgeva County Tartu County Valga County Põlva County Võru CountyCounties of Estonia
About this image

Estonia is divided into 15 counties (maakond): Harjumaa, Hiiumaa, Ida-Virumaa, Jõgevamaa, Järvamaa, Läänemaa, Lääne-Virumaa, Põlvamaa, Pärnumaa, Raplamaa, Saaremaa, Tartumaa, Valgamaa, Viljandimaa, Võrumaa.

Estonia has many forests, almost 50% of the land is covered with forests. Estonia has over 1,400 lakes and 1,500 islands.

International rankings[change | edit source]

The following are links to international rankings of Estonia.

Index Rank Countries reviewed
Freedom House Internet Freedom 2012 1st 47
Index of Economic Freedom 2010 14th 157
Privacy International Yearly Privacy ranking of countries, 2007 5th 45
Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index 2011–2012 3rd 179
State of World Liberty Index 1st 159
Human Development Index 2010[5] 34th 169
Corruption Perceptions Index 2010 29th 178
Networked Readiness Index 2009–2010 25th 133
Ease of Doing Business Index 2011 17th 158
State of The World's Children's Index 2012[9] 10th 165
State of The World's Women's Index 2012 18th 165
Legatum Prosperity Index 2011 33rd 110

According to speedtest.net Estonia has one of the fastest Internet download speeds in the world with an average download speed of 27.12 Mbit/s.[10]

Other pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

Other websites[change | edit source]