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Foot binding is an old Chinese custom of wrapping women's feet with cloth in order to stop them from growing with age. Some Chinese legends say the practice started during the Shang dynasty (1700–1027 BCE). However, written evidence suggests that foot binding began at the court of the Song dynasty (960–1279 CE). It continued until the early 20th century, when it was banned by the People's Republic of China. It was finally outlawed by the Chinese government in the 20th century.
Originally, foot binding was a sign of social status. If a woman's feet were bound, it was a sign that she was a higher-class woman who was free from manual labor. However, foot binding slowly spread to the lower classes who wanted to try and get a higher social status. By the 17th century, Chinese girls of all social statuses had their feet bound.
Some people think that Chinese women were forced to bind their feet in order to increase their husbands' sexual pleasure. Some people also see foot binding as female subjugation. But other people argue that this view is biased against the Chinese culture in favor of modern Western standards.
Foot binding usually tried to make the feet about 3 inches (7.6 cm) long, at most. Some drastic things were done at times to try to accomplish this. Because of this, women who had their feet bound would usually be impaired, or damaged, for the rest of their lives. The physical consequences (or results) of foot binding stayed in Chinese society until very recently, especially for women in their 70s and 80s (according to a study published by the University of San Francisco}.
When the Manchuria created the Qing dynasty, the Manchurian emperors wrote many laws banning foot binding. However, the laws did not work very well. In 1874, the first anti-footbinding committee was held in Shanghai by a British priest. After the collapse of the Qing dynasty, the republican government kept up the efforts to stop foot binding. They gave fines to women who still had their feet bound after 1915. During the early 20th century, western fashion was affecting China more and more. The People's Republic of China eventually outlawed foot binding, although this was not very successful in actually ending the practice. According to Xinhua News Agency, the last factory to make shoes for bound-feet women stopped making those shoes in 1998, in Harbin, China.
References[change | edit source]
- "Foot binding" Encyclopædia Britannica Online (2009). Encyclopædia Britannica. Accessed 8 June 2009.