Francis of Assisi

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St. Francis as painted by El Greco

Saint Francis of Assisi (September 26, 1181 – October 3, 1226) is a Christian Saint. He is the founder of the Franciscan Order and patron saint of animals, the environment, merchants, Italy and Catholic Action. He was born in Assisi in Italy where a large basilica was built in his honor.

On his feast day, October 4, many churches have a ceremony for people to bring their pets and working animals to church.

Early life[change | change source]

Saint Francis was born to Pietro Bernardone, a wealthy cloth merchant, and his wife Pica. He was originally named Giovanni Francesco Bernardone.[1] [2] In his youth, he was first interested by French troubadours, known as wanderers who improvised songs on a stringed instrument. He later planned a career in military. When he was serving in the war between Assisi and Perugia in 1202, at the battle of Ponte Saint Giovanni,[3] he was captured and imprisoned for a year. [4]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Francis of Assisi, St." Environmental Encyclopedia. Gale, 2009. Biography In Context. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
  2. "Francis of Assisi." Historic World Leaders. Gale, 1995. Biography In Context. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
  3. "Francis of Assisi." Historic World Leaders. Gale, 1994. Biography In Context. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
  4. "Francis of Assisi, St." Environmental Encyclopedia. Gale, 2009. Biography In Context. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.