Gaslighting

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Ingrid Bergman from the 1944 movie Gaslight

Gaslighting is a type of psychological abuse where somebody uses lies or tricks to make another person doubt their memory and mental health.[1] Gaslighting can be anything from an abusive person insisting that the abuse never happened, to setting up strange incidents to confuse the victim.[2]

The word "gaslighting" comes from the play by Patrick Hamilton, Gaslight (1938), and its movie adaptations.[3] In those works a character uses many tricks, including turning the gas lamps lower than normal, to convince his spouse that she is crazy. Since then, the phrase has become a common expression which has also been used in clinical and research literature.

References[change | change source]

  1. Victor Santoro (1994). Gaslighting: How to Drive Your Enemies Crazy. Loompanics Unlimited. ISBN 9781559501132.
  2. King, Dr.Jeanne (2011). "Controlling Behavior – 6 Keys to Avoid Gaslighting Psychological Abuse". preventabusiverelationships.com. http://www.preventabusiverelationships.com/articles/gas_lighting_215.php. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  3. "Sandgate Theatre Inc: Gaslight". sandgatetheatre.com. 2011. http://www.sandgatetheatre.com/2009/gaslight/index.html. Retrieved 22 November 2011.