|Geoffroy's Cat |
(d'Orbigny & Gervais, 1844)
|Range of Leopardus geoffroyi|
Geoffroy's cat (Leopardus geoffroyi) is a wild cat native to southern and central South America. It is about the size of a domestic cat. The species is relatively common in many areas, but is considered to be "near threatened" by IUCN.
Ecology and distribution[change | change source]
Geoffroy's cats live in the Andes, Pampas (scrubby forest parts), and Gran Chaco landscape. They are found from southern Bolivia to the Straits of Magellan, at heights from sea level to 3,300 metres (10,800 ft). They prefer open woodland or scrubland habitats with plenty of cover, but are also found in grasslands and marshy areas. Although they are able to climb trees, they rarely do so, except to leave faeces to scent mark their territory.
Geoffroy's cat is nocturnal. It eats rodents, hares, small lizards, insects, and occasionally frogs and fish. Like other small cats, it is a solitary hunter, and only comes together during the mating season. Females have territories ranging from 2 to 6 square kilometres (0.77 to 2.32 sq mi), while males have larger ranges, reaching up to 12 square kilometres (4.6 sq mi).
References[change | change source]
- Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 538. . . http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/browse.asp?id=14000087.
- Lucherini, M., de Oliveira, T. & Acosta, G. (2008). Oncifelis geoffroyi. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2008. Retrieved on 22 march 2009. Database entry includes justification for why this species is near threatened