George Taylor (Medal of Honor)
|Born||November 15, 1830
Watertown, New York
|Died||October 7, 1893 (aged 62)|
|Place of burial||Paragould, Arkansas|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War
• Battle of Mobile Bay
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
George Taylor (November 15, 1830 – October 7, 1893) was a Union Navy sailor in the American Civil War. He was also a recipient of the Medal of Honor, which is the U.S. military's highest decoration. He got it for his actions at the Battle of Mobile Bay.
Taylor was born on November 15, 1830, in Watertown, New York. He was still living in that state when he joined the Navy. He served during the Civil War as an armorer on the USS Lackawanna. At the Battle of Mobile Bay on August 5, 1864 his ship engaged the CSS Tennessee. It was struck by a broadside at close range. The Confederate artillery shells hit Lackawanna's berth deck near the magazine. This caused mass casualties and ignited loose gunpowder. It spilled onto the floor while Lackawanna's sailors were assembling their own shells. The flames moved along a passageway towards the powder room where 17 tons of gunpowder were stored. Although he had received a wound to his forehead Taylor ran towards the fire and extinguished it with his bare hands. This saved his ship. He then returned to his duties for the remainder of the battle. While putting out the fire his hands were burned down to the bone. For this action, he was given the Medal of Honor four months later, on December 31, 1864.
Taylor's official Medal of Honor citation reads:
On board the U.S.S. Lackawanna during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the ram Tennessee in Mobile Bay, on 5 August 1864. When an enemy shell exploded in the shellroom, Taylor although wounded went into the room and, with his hand, extinguished the fire from the explosion. He then carried out his duties during the remainder of the prolonged action which resulted in the capture of the prize rebel ram Tennessee and in the damaging and destruction of Fort Morgan.
- "George Taylor". Hall of Valor. Military Times. http://www.militarytimes.com/citations-medals-awards/recipient.php?recipientid=1047. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- "Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients (M–Z)". Medal of Honor Citations. United States Army Center of Military History. June 26, 2011. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwarmz.html. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
- Hutchinson, William (1879). "The bay fight: A sketch of the Battle of Mobile Bay". Personal Narratives of the Battles of the Rebellion (Providence: Sidney S. Rider) 8: 21–3. http://books.google.com/books?id=6pwtAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA21. Retrieved December 19, 2012.