|Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.|
|38th President of the United States|
August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977
|Vice President||none (August 9, 1974–Dec 19, 1974), Nelson A. Rockefeller (December 19, 1974–January 20, 1977)|
|Preceded by||Richard Nixon|
|Succeeded by||Jimmy Carter|
|40th Vice President of the United States|
December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974
|President||Richard Milhous Nixon|
|Preceded by||Spiro Agnew|
|Succeeded by||Nelson A. Rockefeller|
|House Minority Leader|
January 3, 1965 – December 6, 1973
|Preceded by||Charles Halleck|
|Succeeded by||John Rhodes|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 5th district
January 3, 1949 – December 6, 1973
|Preceded by||Bartel Jonkman|
|Succeeded by||Richard Vander Veen|
|Born||July 14, 1913
|Died||December 26, 2006
Rancho Mirage, California
|Spouse(s)||Betty Warren Ford|
Gerald Rudolph Ford (July 14, 1913—December 26, 2006) was the 38th President of the United States from 1974 to 1977. Before he became president, he was the Vice President of the United States from 1973 to 1974. He is the only president who has not been elected to the office of either President or Vice President. He was from the state of Michigan, but he lived his later years in California where he died.
Political career[change | edit source]
Ford served 25 years in the United States House of Representatives and was Minority Leader for many years. When Richard Nixon was President, his first Vice President was Spiro Agnew, but Agnew resigned in 1973 because he took bribes while he was Governor of Maryland in the late 1960's. Nixon then chose Ford to be his next Vice President. Ford had to be approved by Congress since there was no Presidential election that year. Because he had been in Congress for a long time, other Congressmen knew him well and were happy to approve him as Vice President because they thought he was honest.
However, Ford was not Nixon's first choice. Some of his first choices were John Connally (the former Governor of Texas), Nelson Rockefeller (the Governor of New York), and Ronald Reagan (the former Governor of California). But, Nixon was worried that these other men might have trouble getting approved by Congress. All of them had also run for President already or were planning to run soon. Nixon did not want to help pick who would be the top Republican candidate in 1976 and Ford promised him that he was not interested in being President. Ford always told reporters that he always dreamed of being Speaker of the House instead.
Presidency[change | edit source]
Because of the Watergate scandal, Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974. Ford became the President. He is the only President of the United States not to be elected to either the office of President or Vice President. Once he became President, he realized he could do a good job and decided to run for a full term in 1976.
Ford had pardoned Nixon for his crimes in 1974. Many experts say that is one of the reasons why Ford lost to Jimmy Carter in the 1976 election, which was very close. Other reasons for the loss were a bad economy with a lot of inflation, the Mayagüez incident, and the last U.S. soldiers leaving Vietnam followed by Saigon and the rest of South Vietnam being taken over by the North Vietnamese, both in 1975.
Personal life[change | edit source]
Death[change | edit source]
References[change | edit source]
- Wright, John (2001). The New York Times Almanac 2002. Routledge. pp. 96. ISBN 9781579583484. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=G81HonU81pAC&pg=PA96&dq=richard+nixon+president+resign&lr=&cd=1#v=onepage&q=richard%20nixon%20president%20resign&f=false.
- "Ford eclipses Reagan as oldest ex-president". USA Today. 2006-11-12. http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2006-11-10-ford_x.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-21.
Other websites[change | edit source]