Getty Conservation Institute
The Getty Conservation Institute (GCI), in Los Angeles, California, is a program of the J. Paul Getty Trust. It is headquartered at the Getty Center but also has facilities at the Getty Villa. It commenced operation in 1985. The GCI is a private international research institution dedicated to advancing conservation practice through the creation and delivery of knowledge. It "serves the conservation community through scientific research, education and training, model field projects, and the dissemination of the results of both its own work and the work of others in the field" and "adheres to the principles that guide the work of the Getty Trust: service, philanthropy, teaching, and access." GCI works in both art conservation and architectural conservation.
GCI conducts scientific research related to art conservation. It offers formal education and training programs. GCI published a number of scholarly books. GCI pays for field projects around the world to preserve cultural heritage.
Scientific projects [change]
GCI scientists study the decay of objects and buildings, and how to prevent or stop such decay. One of many projects in this area involved the effect of outdoor and indoor air pollutants on museum collections. Another project analyzed the cause of deterioration of the sandstone in the original National Capitol Columns now at the United States National Arboretum.
In addition, GCI "conducts scientific research on materials' composition." For example, a project on the conservation of photographs has as one of its objectives the creation of an "Atlas of Analytical Signatures of Photographic Processes" which will provide "a precise chemical fingerprint of all the 150 or so ways pictures have been developed." As a part of that project, Getty scientists once examined the world's first photograph from nature by Nicéphore Niépce. Using X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and other techniques during the 2002-2003 project, they found (for example) that bitumen of Judea was present in the image.
Education and training [change]
Training of conservation works is an important part of GCI's work. For example, GCI collaborated with other organizations to create a course "to assist museum personnel in safeguarding their collections from the effects of natural and human-made emergencies." Also, GCI developed a course on the "Fundamentals of the Conservation of Photographs" which is now taught in eastern Europe by the Academy of Fine Arts and Design in Bratislava and the Slovak National Library. Besides courses and workshops, GCI has also been involved with long-term education programs, such as establishing a Master's degree program in Archaeological and Ethnographic Conservation in collaboration with the University of California, Los Angeles.
Field projects [change]
GCI workers travel to other places to protect items important to history (field projects). GCI's field projects are "selected based on how they fit the institute's goals of raising public awareness, contributing new, broadly applicable information to the field, and supporting cultural heritage" and "must be executed in collaboration with partners… who must be serious about their efforts… so that projects are assured of continuing after the Getty's involvement ceases." Among other completed GCI field projects were efforts to preserve the Mogao Caves and Yungang Grottoes in China (announced in 1989); to restore prehistoric rock paintings of Sierra de San Francisco in Baja California Sur (1994); and to protect ancient buildings and archaeological sites in Iraq following the start of the Iraq war (2004).
Dissemination of information [change]
It has been stated that "perhaps the institute's most profound contribution to conservation is the dissemination of information and methods learned in the field." GCI spreads information in conferences; lectures; books; and online publications, newsletters, video, and audio.
The following are selected books published by GCI:
- Ward, Philip R. The nature of conservation: a race against time. Marina del Rey, CA: Getty Conservation Institute, 1986. ISBN 0941103005
- The conservation of tapestries and embroideries: proceedings of meetings at the Institut royal du patrimoine artistique, Brussels, Belgium, September 21-24, 1987. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 1989. ISBN 0892361549
- Cather, Sharon. The conservation of wall paintings: proceedings of a symposium organized by the Courtauld Institute of Art and the Getty Conservation Institute, London, July 13-16, 1987. Marina del Rey, CA: Getty Conservation Institute, 1991. ISBN 089236162X
- Beley, Ennis, and Jeffrey Levin. Picture LA: landmarks of a new generation. Marina del Rey, CA: Getty Conservation Institute, 1994. ISBN 0892363053
- Klein, Kathryn. The unbroken thread: conserving the textile traditions of Oaxaca. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 1997. ISBN 0892363800
- Corzo, Miguel Angel. Mortality immortality?: the legacy of 20th-century art. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 1999. ISBN 0892365285
- Dorge, Valerie, and Sharon L. Jones. Building an emergency plan: a guide for museums and other cultural institutions. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 1999. ISBN 0892365293
- Lavédrine, Bertrand, Jean-Paul Gandolfo, and Sibylle Monod. A guide to the preventive conservation of photograph collections. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 2003. ISBN 0892367016
- Schweidler, Max, and Roy L Perkinson. The restoration of engravings, drawings, books, and other works on paper. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 2006. ISBN 0892368357
- Rainer, Leslie and Angelyn Bass Rivera editors. The Conservation of Decorated Surfaces on Earthen Architecture. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 2006. ISBN 978-0-89236-850-1
- Caneva, Giulia, Maria Pia Nugari, and Ornella Salvadori. Plant Biology for Cultural Heritage: Biodeterioration and Conservation. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 2009. ISBN 978-0-89236-939-3
Here is a selection of courses by GCI:
- ARIS (International Course on Architectural Records, Inventories and Information Systems for Conservation)
Senior staff [change]
|1990-98||Miguel Angel Corzo|
|1998-||Timothy P. Whalen|
- Associate Director, Programs: Jeanne Marie Teutonico
- Associate Director, Administration: Kathleen Gaines
- Chief Scientist: Giacomo Chiari
- Head of Education: Kathleen Dardes
- Head of Field Projects: Susan Macdonald
In 2009, GCI had a $33 million budget. This is less than the $41 million budget for 2008.
Getty conservation activities outside GCI [change]
In addition to the work of the GCI, the J. Paul Getty Trust contributes to the conservation field through the J. Paul Getty Museum conservation departments, the conservation collection in the library at the Getty Research Institute, and conservation grants provided by the Getty Foundation.
- J. Paul Getty Trust. About the Conservation Institute. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
- Adams, Eric. The Getty's conservation mission. Architecture, December 1997, vol. 86, issue 12.
- Getty Conservation Institute. About GCI Science. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- Getty Conservation Institute. Pollutants in the museum environment (1985-1998). Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- Getty Conservation Institute. Research on the conservation of photographs. October 2006. Retrieved November 8, 2008.
- Kennedy, Randy. Arsenic and old photos. New York Times, April 1, 2007.
- Lyden, Jacki, and Dusan Stulik. Analyzing the world's first photograph. Precious image studied at Getty Institute in Los Angeles. National Public Radio, April 7, 2002. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- Harry Ransom Center, The University of Texas at Austin. The first photograph: conservation and preservation. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- Getty Conservation Institute. Teamwork for Integrated Emergency Management. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- "About GCI Education". Getty Trust. http://www.getty.edu/conservation/education/about/. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
- A.M.H.S. New conservation program. Archaeology, May/June 1999, vol. 52, issue 3.
- Cotsen Institute of Archaeology. The UCLA/Getty Conservation Program. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- Wilson, David S. Getty Trust and Chinese. New York Times, January 20, 1989. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Archeology: Getty to fund work on Mexican art site. Los Angeles Times, July 14, 1994.
- Getty Conservation Institute. Rock art of Baja California (1994-1996). Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Sisario, Ben. Arts briefing. New York Times, March 16, 2004. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- Getty Conservation Institute. "Publications and Videos". Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- Getty Conservation Institute. "PDF publications". Received June 1, 2011.
- Getty Conservation Institute. "Architectural Records, Inventories, and Information Systems for Conservation". Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- J. Paul Getty Trust. Sebastian moves to Getty Trust. GCI Newsletter 14.2 (Summer 1999). Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "The Getty Trust 2009 Report". Getty Trust. p. 72. http://www.getty.edu/about/governance/trustreport/2009_viewer/pageflip.html. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
- Getty Conservation Institute. Conservation at the Getty. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
Other websites [change]
- Official website
- RecorDIM project records, 1994-2007 The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, California. Records comprise reports, meeting materials and handouts, correspondence and memoranda, budgets, contracts, publication development and design material, images, and training materials, dating 1994-2007, created and maintained by the Field Projects Division of the Getty Conservation Institute. The materials concern the development, operation, and results of Field Projects’ Recording, Documentation, and Information Management (RecorDIM) Initiative.