Ghaznavid Empire

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The Ghaznavid Empire was a Khorāṣānian Sunni Muslim state, founded by a Persianate dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin, which existed from 975 to 1187. It was centered in Ghazni, a city in present Afghanistan, and ruled much of Persia, Transoxania, and the northern parts of the Indian subcontinent. Due to the political and cultural influence of their predecessors - that of the Persian Ṣāmānī dynasty - the originally Turkic Ghaznavids had become thoroughly Persianized.