Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

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Gian Gastone
Grand Duke of Tuscany
Reign 31 October 1723 – 9 July 1737
Predecessor Cosimo III de' Medici
Successor Francis Stephen of Lorraine
Consort Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg
Full name
Giovanni Battista Gastone de' Medici
House House of Medici
Father Grand Duke Cosimo III de' Medici
Mother Marguerite Louise d'Orléans
Born 24 May 1671
Pitti Palace, Florence, Tuscany
Died 9 July 1737(1737-07-09) (aged 66)
Pitti Palace, Florence, Tuscany
Burial Basilica of San Lorenzo
Religion Roman Catholicism

Gian Gastone de' Medici (24 May 1671 – 9 July 1737) was the last Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany. He was the second son of Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans. His sister, Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, the Electress Palatine, married him to Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1697. The two remained childless and it was common knowledge that Gian Gastone was homosexual. Gian Gastone succeeded his father as Grand Duke in 1723.

In his reign he reversed all his father's laws and stopped taxes for poorer people, repealed (got rid of) the anti-Jewish laws and stopped public executions. His father, Cosimo III, wanted the his sister to succeed him but Spain, Great Britain, Austria and the Dutch Republic disregarded and made Charles III of Spain his heir. Charles changed his claim to Francis III of Lorraine. Francis then became the Grand Duke on 9 July 1737 ending almost 300 years of Medici rule over Florence.