Giraffatitan

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Giraffatitan
Temporal range: Upper Jurassic
150–145 mya
Skeleton on display in the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, Germany
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Sauropsida
Superorder: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Infraorder: Sauropoda
Family: Brachiosauridae
Genus: Giraffatitan

Giraffatitan ("giraffe titan") is a genus of sauropod dinosaurs which lived during the Upper Jurassic, about 140 million years ago.[1] It was related to Brachiosaurus, and was one of the largest animals known to have walked the earth.

Giraffatitans were about 23-metre (75 ft) tall and weighed about 40 tonnes (88,000 lb). They had very long necks and were well adapted for feeding on the tall conifers which were the main trees in the Jurassic forests. They lived in what is now Tanzania.[2]

It was first named as an African species of Brachiosaurus (B. brancai) in 1914.[3] In 1991, George Olshevsky said there were enough differences to make its own genus, creating Giraffatitan.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Potter, Christopher 2010. You are here: a portable history of the universe. HarperCollins. pp. 26. ISBN 0061137871.
  2. Paul, Gregory S. 2010. The Princeton field guide to dinosaurs.. Princeton University Press. ISBN 069113720X.
  3. Janensch W. 1914. Übersicht über der Wirbeltierfauna der Tendaguru-Schichten nebst einer kurzen Charakterisierung der neu aufgeführten Arten von Sauropoden. Archiv für Biontologie, 3 (1): 81–110.
  4. Glut D.F. 1997. Dinosaurs: the encyclopedia. "Brachiosaurus". McFarland. p. 218. ISBN 0-89950-917-7.