Gladwyn Jebb

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Gladwyn Jebb

GCMG, GCVO, CB
Acting Secretary-General of the United Nations
In office
24 October 1945 – 2 February 1946
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Trygve Lie
Personal details
Born 25 April 1900(1900-04-25)
United Kingdom
Died 24 October 1996(1996-10-24) (aged 96)
Suffolk
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Cynthia Jebb, Lady Gladwyn

Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, GCMG, GCVO, CB, known as Gladwyn Jebb (25 April 1900(1900-04-25) – 24 October 1996), was a prominent British civil servant, diplomat and politician as well as the first Acting Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Acting UN Secretary-General[change | change source]

After World War II, he served as Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission of the United Nations in August 1945. He was appointed Acting United Nations Secretary-General from October 1945 to February 1946 until the appointment of the first Secretary-General Trygve Lie.

Ambassador[change | change source]

Returning to London, Jebb was Deputy to the Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin at the Conference of Foreign Ministers before serving as the Foreign Office's United Nations Adviser (1946-47). He represented the United Kingdom at the Brussels Treaty Permanent Commission with personal rank of Ambassador. He became the United Kingdom's Ambassador to the United Nations from 1950-1954 and to Paris from 1954-1960.

Political career[change | change source]

In 1960 Jebb was made a hereditary peer and as Baron Gladwyn became involved in politics as a member of the Liberal Party. He was Deputy Leader of the Liberals in the House of Lords 1965-1988 and spokesman on foreign affairs and defence. An supporter of the European Union, he served as a Member of the European Parliament 1973-1976 where he was also the Vice-President of the Parliament's Political Committee. He tried to be elected to the European Parliament in 1979.

When asked why he had joined the Liberal party in the early 1960s, he replied that the Liberals were a party without a general and that he was a general without a party. Like many Liberals, he passionately believed that education was the key to social reform.

Death[change | change source]

He died in 1996, and is buried at St. Andrew's, Bramfield in the county of Suffolk.

Lady Gladwyn[change | change source]

Jebb's wife, Cynthia, Lady Gladwyn, was a noted diarist of their times in Paris and a hostess of Liberal and London politics. She was the great-grand daughter of Isambard Kingdom Brunel.

Honours[change | change source]

Publications and papers[change | change source]

Publications by Baron Gladwyn include:

  • Is Tension Necessary?, 1959
  • Peaceful Co-existence, 1962
  • The European Idea, 1966
  • Half-way to 1984, 1967
  • De Gaulle's Europe, or, Why the General says No, 1969
  • Europe after de Gaulle, 1970
  • The Memoirs of Lord Gladwyn, 1972
Preceded by
Sir Oliver Harvey
British Ambassador to France
1954-1960
Succeeded by
Sir Pierson Dixon
Political offices
Preceded by
Secretary General of the
League of Nations
Seán Lester
Acting Secretary-General of the United Nations
1945-1946
Succeeded by
Trygve Lie
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Gladwyn
1960 – 1996
Succeeded by
Miles Gladwyn Jebb

Other websites[change | change source]