Global 200

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The Global 200 is the list of ecoregions identified by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) as priorities for conservation. According to the WWF, an ecoregion is defined as a "relatively large unit of land or water containing a characteristic set of natural communities that share a large majority of their species, dynamics, and environmental conditions (Dinerstein et al. 1995, TNC 1997)."

The WWF assigns a conservation status to each ecoregion in the Global 200: critical or endangered; vulnerable; and relatively stable or intact. Over half of the ecoregions in the Global 200 are rated endangered.

Contents

Global 200: Terrestrial[change | change source]

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

Australasia[change | change source]

Indomalaya[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Oceania[change | change source]

Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

Australasia[change | change source]

Indomalaya[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Oceania[change | change source]

Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests[change | change source]

Nearctic[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests[change | change source]

Australasia[change | change source]

Indomalaya[change | change source]

Nearctic[change | change source]

Palearctic[change | change source]

Temperate coniferous forests[change | change source]

Nearctic[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Palearctic[change | change source]

Boreal forests/taiga[change | change source]

Nearctic[change | change source]

Palearctic[change | change source]

Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

Australasia[change | change source]

Indomalaya[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands[change | change source]

Nearctic[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Palearctic[change | change source]

Flooded grasslands and savannas[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

Indomalaya[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Montane grasslands and shrublands[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

Australasia[change | change source]

Indomalaya[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Palearctic[change | change source]

Tundra[change | change source]

Nearctic[change | change source]

Palearctic[change | change source]

Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

Australasia[change | change source]

Nearctic[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Palearctic[change | change source]

Deserts and xeric shrublands[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

Australasia[change | change source]

Nearctic[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Palearctic[change | change source]

Mangroves[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

Australasia[change | change source]

Indomalaya[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Global 200: Freshwater ecoregions[change | change source]

Large rivers[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

Indomalaya[change | change source]

  • Mekong River (Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam)

Nearctic[change | change source]

Neotropic[change | change source]

Palearctic[change | change source]

Large river headwaters[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

  • Congo basin piedmont rivers and streams (Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Republic of Congo, Sudan)

Nearctic[change | change source]

  • Mississippi piedmont rivers and streams (United States)

Neotropic[change | change source]

  • Upper Amazon rivers and streams (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana (France), Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela)
  • Upper Paraná rivers and streams (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay)
  • Brazilian Shield Amazonian rivers and streams (Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay)

Large river deltas[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

Indomalaya[change | change source]

Palearctic[change | change source]

Small rivers[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

  • Upper Guinea rivers and streams (Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone)
  • Madagascar freshwater (Madagascar)
  • Gulf of Guinea rivers and streams (Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo)
  • Cape rivers and streams (South Africa)

Australasia[change | change source]

Indomalaya[change | change source]

Nearctic[change | change source]

  • Southeastern rivers and streams (United States)
  • Pacific Northwest coastal rivers and streams (United States)
  • Gulf of Alaska coastal rivers and streams (Canada, United States)

Neotropic[change | change source]

  • Guianan freshwater (Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela)
  • Greater Antillean freshwater (Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Puerto Rico)

Palearctic[change | change source]

  • Balkan rivers and streams (Albania, Bosnia and Herzogovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Macedonia, Turkey, Yugoslavia)
  • Russian Far East rivers and wetlands (China, Mongolia, Russia)

Large lakes[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

  • Rift Valley lakes (Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia)

Neotropic[change | change source]

  • High Andean lakes (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru)

Palearctic[change | change source]

Small lakes[change | change source]

Afrotropic[change | change source]

  • Cameroon crater lakes (Cameroon)

Australasia[change | change source]

  • Lakes Kutubu and Sentani (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea)
  • Central Sulawesi lakes (Indonesia)

Indomalaya[change | change source]

  • Philippines freshwater (Philippines)
  • Inle Lake (Myanmar)
  • Yunnan lakes and streams (China)

Neotropic[change | change source]

  • Mexican highland lakes (Mexico)

Xeric basins[change | change source]

Australasia[change | change source]

  • Central Australian freshwater (Australia)

Nearctic[change | change source]

Palearctic[change | change source]

  • Anatolian freshwater (Syria, Turkey)

Global 200 Marine ecoregions[change | change source]

Polar[change | change source]

Antarctic Ocean[change | change source]

Arctic Ocean[change | change source]

Temperate shelfs and seas[change | change source]

Mediterranean[change | change source]

  • Mediterranean Sea (Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Morocco, Serbia & Montenegro, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey)

North Temperate Atlantic[change | change source]

North Temperate Indo-Pacific[change | change source]

Southern Ocean[change | change source]

Temperate upwelling[change | change source]

North Temperate Indo-Pacific[change | change source]

South Temperate Atlantic[change | change source]

South Temperate Indo-Pacific[change | change source]

Tropical upwelling[change | change source]

Central Indo-Pacific[change | change source]

Eastern Indo-Pacific[change | change source]

Eastern Tropical Atlantic[change | change source]

  • Canary Current (Canary Islands, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Morocco, Senegal, Western Sahara)

Tropical coral[change | change source]

Central Indo-Pacific[change | change source]

Eastern Indo-Pacific[change | change source]

Western Indo-Pacific[change | change source]

  • Maldives, Chagos, and Lakshadweep atolls (Chagos Archipelago (United Kingdom), India, Maldives, Sri Lanka)
  • Red Sea (Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen)
  • Arabian Sea (Djibouti, Iran, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen)
  • East African Marine (Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania)
  • West Madagascar Marine (Comoros, Madagascar, Mayotte and Iles Glorieuses (France), Seychelles)

Western Tropical Atlantic[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]