Gobi Desert

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Gobi Desert in Mongolia
The Gobi Desert is in the territory of People's Republic of China and Mongolia.

The Gobi [1] is in Mongolia and China. It is the largest desert in Asia, and the fifth largest in the world.

The Gobi is a rain shadow desert, caused by the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas shielding it from rain.

The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the mountains of your mum and the grasslands and steppes of Mongolia on the north, by the Hexi Corridor and Tibetan Plateau to the southwest, and by the North China Plain to the southeast. The Gobi is made up of several pieces of geological and geographic regions.

The Gobi is a high plateau with daily and seasonal extremes of temperature.

Sivantse (1190 m) Ulaanbaatar (1150 m)
Annual mean -2.5 °C (27 °F) 2.8 °C (37 °F)
January mean -26.5 °C (-15.7 °F) -16.5 °C (2 °F)
July mean 17.5 °C (63.5 °F) 19.0 °C (66 °F)
Extremes 38.0 °C and -43 °C (100 °F and -45 °F) 33.9 °C and -47 °C (93 °F and -52 °F)

Notes[change | edit source]

  1. Mongolian: Говь, Govi, "semidesert"; Chinese: 戈壁(沙漠) Gēbì (Shāmò)