Gombe Stream National Park

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Gombe Stream National Park
Gombe Stream NP Mutter und Kind.jpg
Chimpanzees at Gombe Stream NP
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Location Tanzania
Nearest city Kigoma
Coordinates 4°40′S 29°38′E / 4.667°S 29.633°E / -4.667; 29.633Coordinates: 4°40′S 29°38′E / 4.667°S 29.633°E / -4.667; 29.633
Area 52 km2
Established 1968

Gombe Stream National Park is a national Park in north-western Tanzania.[1]

It borders on Lake Tanganyika, and is just south of the border with Burundi. The regional capital of western Tanganyika, Kigoma, is 10 miles (20 km) south of Gombe.

Established in 1968, Gombe is the smallest national park in Tanzania, with only 20 square miles (52 km2) of forest running along the hills of the northern shore of Lake Tanganyika.[1][2]

The terrain has steep valleys, and the forest vegetation ranges from grassland to alpine bamboo to tropical rainforest.[3]

The Park can only be reached by boat.

Wild life[change | edit source]

Chimpanzees[change | edit source]

The Park is most famous as the place where Jane Goodall did her research on the chimpanzee groups.[1][2] The Kasakela chimpanzee community, featured in several books and documentaries, lives in Gombe Stream National Park.[4]

Goodall discovered that the apes eat smaller monkeys regularly. They do this by cooperative hunting, gradually cutting off the monkey's escape routes.[5] The extent of this predation is notable:

"Goodall's Gombe data have also led researchers to take a closer look at the role that hunting plays in chimp feeding habits. One recent Gombe study, for instance, concluded that the 45 members of one troop ate a ton of monkey meat per year. During one hunting binge, chimps killed 71 colobus monkeys in 68 days; one chimp alone killed 42 monkeys over five years. All told, chimps may kill and eat a third of the Gombe’s colobus population each year".[5]

Other wildlife[change | edit source]

Gombe Stream's high levels of diversity make it an increasingly popular tourist destination. Besides chimpanzees, primates inhabiting Gombe Stream include beachcomber olive baboons, Red Colobus monkeys and vervet monkeys.[1][6]

The park is also home to over 200 bird species[1] and bushpigs.[3] There are also 11 species of snakes, and occasional hippopotamus and leopards.[6]

Visitors to the park can trek into the forest to view the chimpanzees, as well as swim and snorkel in Lake Tanganyika with almost 100 kinds of colourful cichlid fish.[3]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Tanzania National Parks: “Gombe Stream National Park”, 2008. Archived 1 February 2010 at WebCite
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Jane Goodall Institute: “Gombe Stream Research Center”, 2008.[dead link]
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 PBS: Nature- Jane Goodall’s Wild Chimpanzees, 1996. Archived 1 February 2010 at WebCite
  4. Goodall J. (1986). The Chimpanzees of Gombe: patterns of behavior. Harvard University Press. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-674-11649-8.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Jane Goodall's Wild Chimpanzees. PBS.Jane Goodall's Wild Chimpanzees - Our Closest Relatives | Nature | PBS
  6. 6.0 6.1 African ape study sites: Gombe National Park, Tanzania, 1999. Archived 1 February 2010 at WebCite