Government of Japan
The Government of Japan is a constitutional monarchy, like the United Kingdom. The head of state is the Emperor of Japan, while most executive power rests with the Prime Minister of Japan, currently (2013) Shinzo Abe, and his Cabinet. The Diet of Japan is the legislative branch or Parliament, made up of two houses. The upper house, the House of Councillors, is the subject of a national election every three years; the last election was in July 2013, when half of the seats for six year terms were voted on.