Gurjar

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Gurjar children, 1984

Gurjar (Sanskrit:Gurjara, गुर्जर) or Gujjar (Gujari:) are a very large ethnic group of India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Alternative spellings are Gujjar, Gurjara, Gujur, Veer Gurjar and Gujar.

Traditionally they are classified as Kshatriyas (warriors). They ruled many dynasty lately. As per Historical accounts major part of Rajasthan and Gujarat were known as Gurjar-bhumi or Gurjaratra prior to Mughal period in India.[1] Gurjar pratiharas acted as barrier to Arabs for around 300 centuries.[2] However, in later times, circa the 14th century AD onwards, their hold reduced to small principalities.During 18th century there were Gurjar kings in areas of Meerut and Dadri. They participated in Indian freedom movement of 1857 and posed great threat to the British empire.

Today they are a pastoral and agricultural community with landholding varying from very vast to small. They are also heavily recruited in both the Indian Army and Pakistan Army.

Reference[change | edit source]

  1. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar; Achut Dattatrya Pusalker, A. K. Majumdar, Dilip Kumar Ghose, Vishvanath Govind Dighe, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan (1977). The History and Culture of the Indian People: The classical age. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. p. 153.
  2. India: a history, John Keay, Grove Press, Page 95, 2001, ISBN 9780802137975