Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden

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King Gustaf VI Adolf and Queen (consort) Louise of Sweden, 1950s.

Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden (11 November 1882-15 September 1973) was King of Sweden from 29 October 1950 until his death.

Career[change | change source]

Gustav VI was the eldest son of Gustav V and his wife, Victoria of Baden.[1] Before becoming king he had been Crown Prince of Sweden. During this long period of time he became a scholar and an archaeologist.[2] He was also a well regarded expert on Chinese art. At his death he left his large collection of Chinese art to the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities (Östasiatiska Museet) in Stockholm, Sweden.[2] In World War II Gustav, as Crown Prince, spoke out publicly against sending Jews to Auschwitz. This was after the public learned of the extermination camps in Germany.[3] He was the last king to rule under a Constitutional Monarchy with any power. Gustav VI died in 1973.[4] His grandson, Carl XVI Gustav, succeeded him as king.[a]

Family[change | change source]

Gustav VI married Margaret of Connaught in 1905.[b] She died in 1920.[5] Together they had four sons and one daughter:

Gustav VI married as his second wife, Lady Louise Mountbatten, in 1923.[6] She died in 1965.[c]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. After Gustav VI Adolf's death the powers of the king were reduced to being a ceremonial figurehead.[4]
  2. She was the granddaughter of Queen Victoria.[5]
  3. Lady Mountbatten was the aunt of the Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Irene Scobbie, The A to Z of Sweden (Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2010), p. 84
  2. 2.0 2.1 Anna Mosesson, DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: Stockholm (New York: Dorling Kindersley, 2012), p. 78
  3. Martin Gilbert, The Righteous: The Unsung Heroes of the Holocaust (New York: Henry Holt, 2003), p. 388
  4. 4.0 4.1 Abdul Karim Bangura, Sweden Vs Apartheid: Putting Morality Ahead of Profit (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2004), p. 7
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 Irene Scobbie, The A to Z of Sweden (Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2010), p. 85
  6. Barry Jones, Dictionary of World Biography (Acton, A.C.T: ANU E Press, 2013), p. 359

Other websites[change | change source]