Geography and people [change]
Hamilton is on the west end of the Niagara Peninsula. To the north of Hamilton are the waters of Lake Ontario and Burlington Bay, also called Hamilton Harbour. In the middle of Hamilton is the Niagara Escarpment, also called Hamilton Mountain because it is 198 meters high. Many small rivers or creek flow over the Mountain and into the Bay or Lake.
There are three different ways to count the number of people in Hamilton. The old city of Hamilton, before it was created from six other cities and towns, has 331,000 people living in it. The new city of Hamiltono, after it joined with other towns, has 502,000 people. The Greater Hamilton area, including Burlington and Grimsby, has 684,000 people.
The people of Hamilton are from many different countries and speak many different languages. They belong to many different races and religions, too. Among its people are: British, German, Dutch, Italian, Irish, Hungarians, Portuguese, Mohawk Natives, Vietnamese, Czechs and Slovaks, Caribbean blacks, Poles, Romanians, Serbians, Chinese and Ukrainians.
Places to visit [change]
Although people think of Hamilton just as a place for dirty factories, there are many educational and historical places there too.
- Canadian Warplane Heritage View numerous old planes with wonderful back stories
- Dundurn Castle Historical site with beautiful gardens, walking paths and a museum
- Whitehern Historical site primarily for Children with activities that allow them to see what life in the past was like
- Canadian Football Hall of Fame, Featuring memorabilia and information about Canadian Football League
- Art Gallery of Hamilton, In the Central Downtown area
- McMaster Museum of Art, In the West End on McMaster University's Campus
- Ontario Workers Arts and Heritage Centre, In the North End of Hamilton
- The African Lion Safari An animal reserve with free range style exhibits that you can view from your own car, or take the safari bus through. There are also children's play areas and a variety of food stands
- The Royal Botanical Gardens with flower and nature trails
- The Westfield Heritage Centre with people living like the olden days
- The Hamilton to Brantford Rail Trail, which is like the Bruce Trail but it is only in Hamilton and only 32 km (not 800 km!)long
- Confederation Park, A Water Park in East Hamilton that features a variety of water slides, a wave pool and a kiddie play area
- McMaster University Known primarily for its program of Medical education and prestigious Arts and Science programs
- Dundas Valley School of Art, For students of the Arts with classes
- École secondaire Georges-P. Vanier, for French speaking students
- Mohawk College for technical trades and diploma programs
- Redeemer University College a university rooted in a Christian perspective
Factories and businesses [change]
For over 150 years, Hamilton has had factories. For over 100 years, most of them have been steel factories like Stelco and Dofasco. Since the strike of 1946, the workers at Stelco have had a trade union. The workers at Dofasco do not have a trade union. There was also a Studebaker car factory in Hamilton until 1966.
Since the 1980s, industries in Hamilton have had trouble making money and keeping people working. In 2004, Stelco filed for bankruptcy. This means Stelco asked the courts if it could stop paying money it borrowed back to banks. The future for industry does not look good for Hamiltonians.
However, other businesses look much better. People might not think of schools like McMaster University and Mohawk College as businesses, but they are. Students and teachers come to Hamilton and spend their money here. Doctors, teachers, nurses and other professionals train here. Even Tim Hortons doughnut stores started in Hamilton in 1965.
Television, film, music, and newspapers [change]
CH has been a local TV station in Hamilton since 1954. Steve Smith, known for starring in The Red Green Show, started working at CH. Tiny Talent Time is another popular show on CHCH which features many children.
Some movies were filmed in and around Hamilton, such as Anne of Green Gables,5ive Girls and Rocky V, because it looks like other places.
Folksinger Stan Rogers was born in Dundas, which became part of Hamilton in 2001. The Appleton sisters, now famous in Britain, were born in Hamilton. Daniel Lanois is an important singer himself and helped the band U2 with its music. He lived in Hamilton and recorded at Grant Avenue Studios.
The Hamilton Spectator newspaper has been around since the 1840s. It offers tours showing its giant printing press and writers' offices. It also has school projects which include a classroom subscription to the newspaper for every student.
Government is how people organize themselves to be directed by politics. Hamilton was part of Wentworth County until 1974. Wentworth County included the townships of: Ancaster, Barton, Beverly, Binbrook, East Flamborough, West Flamborough, Glanford and Saltfleet. Here is how the government of Hamilton changed over the years:
- About 1814 the area became capital of Wentworth County
- 1815 George Hamilton laid out a townsite in Barton Township and named it after himself
- 1816 Hamilton became capital of Gore District
- 1833 Hamilton became a police village
- 1833 Hamilton became a city
- 1974 Hamilton remained a city and became part of Hamilton-Wentworth Region which also had five other communities: Ancaster, Dundas, Flamborough, Glanbrook and Stoney Creek (how many of these look the same as the original townships of Wentworth County?)
- 2001 Hamilton-Wentworth Region and all six of its communities became one city called Hamilton
Politics is the way people choose the leaders of their communities and the things they decide are important enough to do. Hamiltonians like choosing socially minded people to governm themselves, especially women and minorities. Many people who were mayors, members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs) or members of Parliament (MPs) have things named for them in the city, such as:
- Sam Lawrence was mayor in the 1940s. Lawrence Park on the Mountain is named after him.
- Ellen Fairclough became Canada's first female cabinet minister in 1957. A government office building is named after her.
- Lloyd D. Jackson was mayor in the 1960s. Jackson Square in downtown Hamilton is named after him.
- John Munro was an MP and cabinet minister under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. The Hamilton airport was named after him.
- Lincoln ‘Linc’ Alexander was Canada's first black MP in 1965, first black cabinet minister in 1979 and first black lieutenant governor in 1985. A public school and the expressway are named after him.
- Victor Copps was mayor in the 1970s. He is the father of Sheila Copps, who used to be an MP until 2004. Copps Coliseum is named after him.
Netural and Mohawk Native Canadians of the Six Nations were the first people to live in this area. In 1616, Étienne Brûlé probably became the first European to visit what is now Hamilton. United Empire Loyalists moved into the Hamilton area during and after the American Revolution. The Battle of Stoney Creek was fought during the War of 1812 in what is now Hamilton.
In the mid- to late 1800s, Hamilton became an industrial city with lots of factories. It was close to limestone from the Niagara Escarpment, coal from the United States, iron ore mined from northern Ontario. But factories demanded that people work hard jobs for long hours. In 1872, Hamilton workers marched for a work day of no more than nine hours! The two large steel factories were Stelco (the Steel Company of Canada), created in 1910 and the Dofasco (Dominion Steel Casting Company) in 1912. Dominion is an old word often heard to describe Canada when it was part of the British Empire.
Many schools were built between 1910 and 1930, including Adelaide Hoodless School, Memorial School (for the First World War, Viscount Allenby School (WWI general) and Earl Kitchener School (WWI general). The First World War is often shortened to WWI.
In the 1930s, the Great Depression hit Hamilton. People were unemployed and poor. Factories stoped running. Times were hard. Then the Second World War started and people got jobs again in the army and building guns for the army. August 19, 1942, hundreds of young men from Hamilton were killed by the German army when they tried to attack Dieppe in France.
There are a few professional sports in Hamilton. The Tiger-Cats of the Canadian Football League play at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Hamilton would like a National Hockey League team but it does not have one. The Hamilton Bulldogs of the American Hockey League play at Copps Coliseum.
There are many amateur sports in Hamilton. People of all ages can run in the Around the Bay Race. It takes 30 km to go around the edge of Hamilton Harbour or Burlington Bay. The Hamilton Spectator also hosts amateur indoor games. Every year, children from Hamilton and Flint, Michigan compete in the Canusa Games.
The Commonwealth Games are like the Olympics for people who used to be ruled by Britain. In 1930, Hamilton became the first ever host for what ere then called the Empire Games. The city also tried to host the 2010 Commonwealth Games.
McMaster University and Mohawk College have produced national championship teams in a number of sports. McMaster University is a perennial powerhouse in Mens Basketball and Football.
Here in Hamilton we also have recreational leagues for kids to enjoy their childhood by playing many recreational sports such as Hockey(Stoney Creek Minor Hockey), Soccer(Stoney Creek Soccer Club), and Football with (Steelcity Ironmen). In addition, there are a number of other community sport clubs like the Mt Hamilton Youth Soccer Club which has provided an avenue for children to play soccer since 1964.
Buses and trains [change]
There are many buses, apart from the school buses operated by the Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board. For $2.55, the Hamilton Street Railway or HSR takes people inside and across the city.
Travellers can also get to places like Niagara Falls, Dunnville, Buffalo, Kitchener, and London. These buses are run by companies called Greyhound, Trentway Wagar and McCoy. GO Transit has buses and trains that go to Toronto. Using GO however is not a part of the HSR.
City streets [change]
The city streets in the old city of Hamilton follow a pattern. The big streets going north and south are in straight lines. When they are on the Mountain, they have "Upper" in front the their names, except for Garth Street which should be Upper Dundurn Street.
Streets are called "North," such as "James Street North," if they are north of King Street or Queenston Road. Streets are called "South" if they are south of King or Queenston. Streets are called "East," such as "East 5th Street" or "Main Street East," if they are east of James Street or Upper James Street. Streets are called "West" if they are west of James or Upper James.
King and Main Streets are major roads that are almost parallel or side by side one another. They cross at the Delta in east Hamilton. For most of King and Main, cars could only travel one way. So instead of thinking of them as two streets, think of them as one street with a very wide boulevard between them. This changed in the early 2000s, and most of the streets in Downtown Hamilton are now two-way.
Throughout the city there are some neighbourhoods with weird or strange street names. For example, Birdland has streets named after birds like Cardinal, Blue Jay and Swallow. Another neighbourhood on the Mountain has streets named after people from the French Revolution, such as Napoleon, Josephine, and Robespierre. Riverdale West, in the Lower City, has streets named after types of berries.
Other websites [change]
(These links may also appear above.)
- The City of Hamilton
- Industrial History of Hamilton
- The Hamilton Spectator World War 2 Newspaper Archives 1939-1945
- Hamilton Public Library
- McMaster University
- Royal Botanical Gardens
- The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry
- The Weather Network - Hamilton Ontario
- The Hamilton Spectator - Hamilton Newspaper
- Hamilton Scores! - Hamilton Amateur Sports News
|North: Puslinch, Milton, Burlington|
|West: Brant, North Dumfries||Hamilton||East: Grimsby, West Lincoln|
|South: Brant, Haldimand|