Harriet Tubman circa 1885
|Born||Araminta Harriet Ross
Dorchester County, Maryland
|Died||March 10, 1913 (aged 93)
Auburn, New York, US
|Cause of death||Pneumonia|
|Resting place||Fort Hill Cemetery, Auburn, New York, U.S.A|
|Residence||Auburn, New York, U.S.A|
|Other names||Minty, Moses|
|Occupation||Civil War Nurse, Suffragist, Civil Rights activist|
|Spouse||John Tubman (md.1844–1851)
Nelson Davies (1869–1888; his death)
Mariah Ritty (sister)
Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross; c. 1820 or 1821 – March 10, 1913) was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the American Civil War. She escaped from slavery and made 13 plans to help more than 70 slaves escape. She used the help of the Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad was a series of houses where slaves could go to as they made their way to the northern United States where they would be free.
When she was a child in Maryland, Tubman was whipped and beaten by many different masters. When she was very young, an angry overseer threw a heavy metal weight at another slave, which accidentally hit her. This hurt her head very badly.
Her mother Rit (whose father might have been a white man) was a cook. Her father Ben was a talented woodsman who did the timber work on a plantation. They married around 1808. According to court records, they had nine children together. Linah was born in 1808, Mariah Ritty in 1811, Soph in 1813, Robert in 1816, Minty (Harriet) in 1822, Ben in 1823, Rachel in 1825, Henry in 1830, and Moses in 1832.
- Larson, p. xvii.
- Larson, p. 10.
- Clinton, p. 6.
- Humez, p. 12.
- Larson, p. 311-312.
- Anderson, E. M. (2005). Home, Miss Moses: A novel in the time of Harriet Tubman. Higganum, CT: Higganum Hill Books. ISBN 0-9776556-0-1.
- Bradford, Sarah (1961). Harriet Tubman: The Moses of Her People. New York: Corinth Books.
- Bradford, Sarah (1971). Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman. Freeport: Books for Libraries Press. ISBN 0-836-98782-9.
- Clinton, Catherine (2004). Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom. New York: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-14492-4.
- Conrad, Earl (1942). Harriet Tubman: Negro Soldier and Abolitionist. New York: International Publishers. OCLC 08991147.
- Douglass, Frederick (1969). Life and times of Frederick Douglass: his early life as a slave, his escape from bondage, and his complete history, written by himself. London: Collier-Macmillan. OCLC 39258166.
- Humez, Jean (2003). Harriet Tubman: The Life and Life Stories. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0-299-19120-6.
- Larson, Kate Clifford (2004). Bound For the Promised Land: Harriet Tubman, Portrait of an American Hero. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-45627-0.
- Lowry, Beverly (2008). Harriet Tubman: Imagining a Life. Random House. ISBN 9780385721776. http://books.google.com/books?id=dIm7Mk75OOUC&pg=PT180.
- Sterling, Dorothy (1970). Freedom Train: The Story of Harriet Tubman. New York: Scholastic, Inc. ISBN 0-5904362-8-7.
Other websites [change]
- Harriet Tubman, Biographies for kids