Hato Mayor Province
|Capital||Hato Mayor del Rey|
|- elevation||102 m (335 ft)|
|Area||1,329.29 km² (513 sq mi)|
|Density||64.0 /km² (166 /sq mi)|
4 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
It is one of the last provinces created in the Dominican Republic; it was made a province on 3 December 1984. The province's territory was part of the El Seibo province.
When the Spanish people came to this region, they found that there were many savannas with good grasses for food for cattle (cows), horses and sheep). And they made nine hatos. "Hato" is a word from southern Spain that means a large farm for raising cattle (a ranch); it is a common word in the Dominican Republic. One of those "hatos" was Hato Mayor del Rey, made in the name of King Charles I of Spain (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) but given as a Mayorazgo (a family property) to Francisco Dávila as the manager and the property was called sometimes "Hato Mayor de Dávila".
Because there were many French people and from other countries trying to live in the Samaná region, the colonial government founded the city of Sabana de la Mar in 1760 and brought people from the Canary Islands to live here.
The area of Hato Mayor was part of the El Seibo province until the new province began in 1984.
Its population represents 0.9% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 26th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
- Llanos Costeros de Sabana de la Mar y de Miches (English: Coastal Plains of Sabana de la Mar and Miches). These are small plains close to the Samaná Bay coast. The municipalities of Sabana de la Mar and El Valle are in this region.
- Cordillera Oriental (English: Eastern mountain range), a short mountain range with low mountains. Another name for these mountains is Sierra del Seibo (English: El Seibo mountain range). On the southern side of this range, there is a region of low hills where is Hato Mayor del Rey, the capital of the province.
- Llano Costero del Caribe (in English, "Caribbean Coastal Plain"), a large plain in southeastern Dominican Republic. Most of the province is in this region.
- Los Haitises, in the northwest. It is part of a national park. It is a region with many low hills of limestone; the trade winds (winds from the northeast) bring a lot of water that falls in this region.
Rivers with their sources on the northern side of the Cordillera Oriental are short and flow into the Samaná Bay. The longest here is the River Yabón (44 km long) with its mouth west of the city of Sabana de la Mar.
Those rivers that flow to the south of the Cordillera Oriental and into the Caribbean Sea are longer. The most important rivers are, from east to west:
- Maguá. It is a tributary of the Higuamo river; the city of Hato Mayor del Rey is near this river.
- Casuí. It is the main tributary of the Higuamo river.
There are two main roads in the province. One is the Carretera Mella ("Mella National Road") that begins in Santo Domingo and goes through Hato Mayor del Seibo, the El Seibo province and ends in Higüey; it is one of the most important road in the country.
The second road begins in Hato Mayor del Rey and ends in Sabana de la Mar.
The municipalities and its municipal districts (M.D.) are:
- Hato Mayor del Rey, head municipality of the province
- Sabana de la Mar
- El Valle
Because there are many savannas with grasses around Hato Mayor del Rey and to the south of it, cattle raising is a very important activity in the province; the dairy industry is important, with a large amount of cheese produced in the province.
Fishing is important in Sabana de la Mar and other towns around the Samaná Bay.
- Veloz Maggiolo, Marcio (1972) (in Spanish). Arqueología Prehistórica de Santo Domingo. Singapur: McGraw-Hill Far Eastern Publishers.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.
- Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.