Hautes-Pyrénées

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Hautes-Pyrénées
Department
Prefecture building of the Hautes-Pyrénées department, in Tarbes
Prefecture building of the Hautes-Pyrénées department, in Tarbes
Flag of Hautes-Pyrénées
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Hautes-Pyrénées in France
Coordinates: 43°12′N 0°30′E / 43.2°N 0.5°E / 43.2; 0.5Coordinates: 43°12′N 0°30′E / 43.2°N 0.5°E / 43.2; 0.5
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Tarbes
Subprefectures Argelès-Gazost
Bagnères-de-Bigorre
Government
 • President of the General Council Michel Pélieu
Area[1]
 • Total 4,464 km2 (1,724 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 229,458
 • Rank 84th
 • Density 51.402/km2 (133.130/sq mi)
Demonym Haut-Pyrénéens/ Bigourdans
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-65
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 34
Communes 474

Hautes-Pyrénées (Occitan: Nauts Pirenèus / Hauts Pirenèus) is a department in the southwest of France. It is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region and its main city is Tabes.

History[change | change source]

Hautes-Pyrénées is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created with parts of the former province of Gascony; these parts were the old province of Bigorre and the Pays des Quatre-Vallées.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Hautes-Pyrénées has an area of 4,464 km2 (1,724 sq mi), or 10% of the Midi-Pyrénées region and 0.81% of the country (ranked 29th).[4] It is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region and has two small territorial exclaves—a remnant from the Middle Ages—located within the neighboring département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

The department is surrounded by the departments:

and by Spain (the province of Huesca) to the south.

Map of the Hautes-Pyrénées

Three natural regions can be distinguished in the department.[4]

The Pyrénées, along the border with Spain, cover the southern half of the department, with 66% of the department. They form a natural barrier between France and Spain. More than 30 mountains here are over 3,000 m (9,800 ft) high.

The Pic Vignemale (42°46′26″N 0°8′51″E / 42.77389°N 0.1475°E / 42.77389; 0.1475 (Vignemale)), at 3,299 m (10,823 ft), is the highest point of the department and also the highest of the Midi-Pyrénées region; it is on the border with Spain.[5] The Vignemale is in the Pyrénées National Park.

The second region of the Hautes-Pyrénées, with 17% of the territory, consists of chains low hills.

The third region, in the northern part of the department, is the plain of the Adour river and consists of largely flat agricultural land.

The main river of the department is the Adour river that flows through the cities of Tarbes and Bagnères-de-Bigorre. Other rivers are the Gave de Pau and the Neste.

Hautes-Pyrénées has two small territorial exclaves—a remnant from the Middle Ages—within the neighboring département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of the department, in Tarbes, is an oceanic climate with relatively hot summers, mild winters and abundant rainfall, Cfb in the Köppen climate classification.[6]

Climate data for Tarbes, France (altitude 360m, 1981–2010) (Source: Météo-France, Infoclimat.fr)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
11.3
(52.3)
14.2
(57.6)
15.8
(60.4)
19.5
(67.1)
22.8
(73)
25.1
(77.2)
25.2
(77.4)
22.8
(73)
19.0
(66.2)
13.7
(56.7)
11.0
(51.8)
17.6
(63.7)
Average low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
1.5
(34.7)
3.7
(38.7)
5.6
(42.1)
9.5
(49.1)
12.8
(55)
14.9
(58.8)
14.9
(58.8)
11.9
(53.4)
8.7
(47.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.8
(35.2)
7.6
(45.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 95.0
(3.74)
81.1
(3.193)
87.0
(3.425)
111.7
(4.398)
111.6
(4.394)
78.0
(3.071)
56.0
(2.205)
68.1
(2.681)
71.6
(2.819)
88.1
(3.469)
102.5
(4.035)
96.7
(3.807)
1,047.4
(41.236)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11 9 10 13 13 10 7 9 9 11 10 10 120
Sunshine hours 118 129 169 170 189 198 205 206 190 151 117 109 1,951
Source #1: climat.meteofrance.com[7]
Source #2: infoclimat.fr[8]

Administration[change | change source]

The département is managed by the General Council of the Haute-Garonne in Tarbes. The Hautes-Pyrénées is part of the region of Midi-Pyrénées.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 34 cantons and 474 communes (municipalities) in the Hautes-Pyrénées.

Arrondissement Subprefecture Population
(2010)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Argelès-Gazost Argelès-Gazost 39,411   1,300   30.3
Bagnères-de-Bigorre Bagnères-de-Bigorre 46,562   1,676   27.8
Tarbes Tarbes 143,485   1,488   96.4
  • Arrondissement of Argelès-Gazost with 6 cantons, subprefecture in Argelès-Gazost:
    • Argelès-Gazost
    • Aucun
    • Lourdes-Est
    • Lourdes-Ouest
    • Luz-Saint-Sauveur
    • Saint-Pé-de-Bigorre
  • Arrondissement of Bagnères-de-Bigorre with 9 cantons, subprefecture in Bagnères-de-Bigorre:
    • Arreau
    • Bagnères-de-Bigorre
    • La Barthe-de-Neste
    • Bordères-Louron
    • Campan
    • Lannemezan
    • Mauléon-Barousse
    • Saint-Laurent-de-Neste
    • Canton of Vielle-Aure|Vielle-Aure
  • Arrondissement of Tarbes with 19 cantons, prefecture in Tarbes:
    • Aureilhan
    • Bordères-sur-l'Échez
    • Castelnau-Magnoac
    • Castelnau-Rivière-Basse
    • Galan
    • Laloubère
    • Maubourguet
    • Ossun
    • Pouyastruc
    • Rabastens-de-Bigorre
    • Séméac
    • Cantons of Tarbes, numbered 1-5:
      Tarbes-1, Tarbes-2, Tarbes-3, Tarbes-4, Tarbes-5
    • Tournay
    • Trie-sur-Baïse
    • Vic-en-Bigorre

Demographics[change | change source]

Hautes-Pyrénées has a population, in 2010, of 229,458,[2] for a population density of 51.4 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Tarbes, with 143,485 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Argelès-Gazost and Bagnères-de-Bigorre, have respectively 39,411 and 46,562 inhabitants.[9]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Tarbes (43,034), followed by Lourdes (14,743). The subprefectures of Argelès-Gazost and Bagnères-de-Bigorre have, respectively, 3,208 and 8,047 inhabitants.[9]

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Departments of France – Haute-Garonne". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/ufr.html. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2010" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  3. "Un peu d'Histoire" (in French). General Council of Hautes-Pyrénées. http://www.cg65.fr/front.aspx?sectionId=78. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Géographie et Démographie" (in French). Préfet des Hautes-Pyrénées. 2011. http://www.hautes-pyrenees.gouv.fr/geographie-et-demographie-a928.html. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  5. "Pic Vignemale, France/Spain". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9774. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  6. "Le département des Hautes-Pyrénées" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/departement-hautes-pyrenees.html. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  7. "Climat en France - normales - Météo France - Tarbes". http://climat.meteofrance.com/jsp/site/Portal.jsp?page_id=15872&CLIMAT_PORTLET.path=climatNormales/REG09.
  8. "Normales et records des stations météo de France - Infoclimat - Tarbes-Ossun-Lourdes". http://www.infoclimat.fr/climatologie-07621-tarbes-ossun-lourdes.html.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er. janvier 2013: Hautes-Pyrénées" (in French) (pdf). Recensement de la population. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2012/pdf/dep65.pdf. Retrieved 6 November 2013.

Related pages[change | change source]

Arrondissements of the Hautes-Pyrénées department

Other websites[change | change source]