His early childhood was spent mostly in London after his birth. He learned the English language from his mother. He returned to Paris when he was nine years old, and became a naturalized French citizen. He attended the Lycée Fontanes in Paris from 1868 to 1878. There he was given the 1877 prize for school mathematics, for the solution of a mathematical problem. When he was nineteen, he studied at École Normale Supérieure(ENS). He read many philosophy books, especially Herbert Spencer.
He was given the 1927 Nobel Prize in Literature.
In 4 January 1941, Bergson died in occupied Paris from bronchitis.
- 1889: Essai sur les données immédiates de la conscience
- 1896: Matière et mémoire
- 1900: Le Rire
- 1907: L'Évolution créatrice
- 1919: L'Énergie spirituelle
- 1932: Les Deux sources de la morale et de la religion
- 1934: La pensée et le mouvant
- Henri Bergson Life and works The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- Henri Bergson - Biography The European Graduate School