Henri Matisse

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A portrait of Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse (Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord, 31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship.

He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but mainly known as a painter. Matisse is regarded as one of the main artists who helped to create the revolutionary developments in art early in the 20th century.[1][2][3][4]

"Matisse created brilliantly coloured canvases structured by colour applied in a variety of brushwork, ranging from thick impasto [thick paint] to flat areas of pure pigment, sometimes accompanied by a sinuous, arabesque-like line. [This was] the first of the avant-garde movements (1905–7), named "Fauvism" by a contemporary art critic, referring to its use of arbitrary combinations of bright colors and energetic brushwork to structure the composition".[5]

Although he was initially called a Fauve (wild beast), by the 1920s he was increasingly seen as an upholder of the classical tradition in French painting.[6] His mastery of the expressive language of form and colour, in work spanning over a half-century, won him recognition as a leading figure in modern art.[5]

Matisse died of a heart attack in Nice, Alpes-Maritimes.

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