Hinamatsuri (雛祭り Hina-matsuri ), also called Doll's Day or Girls' Day, is a special day in Japan. Hinamatsuri is celebrated each year on March 3. This is a day for thinking about the happiness and health of young girls in Japanese families.
The Japanese term for the display steps is hina dan (雛壇). There may be five or seven steps.
First platform, the top [change]
The top tier holds two dolls. They are imperial dolls (内裏雛 (だいりびな) dairi-bina ).
- Emperor (御内裏様 Odairi-sama ) holds a ritual baton (笏 shaku )
- Empress (御雛様 Ohime-sama ) holds a fan
The male doll is traditionally on the right, but sometimes the doll is on the left.
Second platform [change]
The second tier holds three court ladies san-nin kanjo (三人官女). Each holds something to do with sake.
Third platform [change]
The third tier holds five male musicians gonin bayashi (五人囃子).
Fourth step [change]
Two Imperial ministers (daijin) may be displayed on the fourth tier
Related pages [change]
- Sosnoski, Daniel. (1996). Introduction to Japanese culture, p. 10.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hina Matsuri" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 313.
- Hinamatsuri at About.com; retrieved 2013-3-3.
- Ginkoya, Girl's Day; retrieved 2013-3-6.
- Japanese American National Museum, "Koinobori: Celebrating the Spirit of Boys Day"; retrieved 2013-3-6.
- The words dairi means "Imperial palace".
- The word hime means "girl" or "princess".