History of Africa
The History of Africa begins from the first modern human beings and leads to its present difficult state as a politically developing continent.
Africa's ancient historic period includes the rise of Egyptian civilization, the further development of societies outside the Nile River Valley and the interaction between them and civilizations outside of Africa. In the late 7th century North and East Africa were heavily influenced by the spread of Islam. That lead to the appearance of new cultures such as those of the Swahili people. This also lead to an increase in the Slave trade that had a very bad influence for the development of the whole continent till the 19th century. African independence movements had their first success in 1951 when Libya became the first former colony to become independent. Modern African history has been full of revolutions and wars as well as the growth of modern African economies and democratization across the continent.
Further reading[change | edit source]
- Cheikh Anta Diop (1987) Precolonial Black Africa Chicago Review Press, Incorporated
- Clark, J. Desmond (1970) The Prehistory of Africa Thames and Hudson
- Davidson, Basil (1964) The African Past, Penguin, Harmondsworth
- Freund, Bill (1998) The Making of Contemporary Africa, Lynne Rienner, Boulder, 1998 (including a substantial "Annotated Bibliography" pp. 269–316)
- Shillington, Kevin (1989) History of Africa, St. Martin's, New York
- UNESCO (1980-1994) General History of Africa 8 volumes
- Théophile Obenga (1980) Pour une Nouvelle Histoire Présence Africaine, Paris
Other pages[change | edit source]
- Ghana Empire
- Great Zimbabwe
- Mali Empire
- Songhai Empire