Hizen Province

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Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Hizen Province highlighted

Hizen Province (肥前国 Hizen no kuni?) was an old province of Japan in the area of Saga Prefecture and Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū.[1] Along with Higo Province, it was sometimes called Hishū (肥州?).

Hizen had borders with the provinces of Chikuzen and Chikugo.[2]

The ancient capital city of the province was near Saga.[3]

History[change | change source]

View of Hizen Province, woodblock print by Hiroshige, 1854-1856

The name "Hizen" dates from the Nara Period, when the province was divided from Higo Province. The name appears in the Shoku Nihongi.

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. Maps of Japan and Hizen Province were reformed in the 1870s.[4]

Shrines and Temples[change | change source]

Kawakami jinja and Chiriku Hachiman-gū[5] were the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) of Hizen.[6]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hizen" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 338.
  2. The province did not include the regions of Tsushima and Iki which are now part of modern Nagasaki prefecture.
  3. Hildreth, Richard. (1907). Japan as it was and is, Vol. 2, p. 47.
  4. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  5. "Hachiman Shinkō," Encyclopedia of Shinto; retrieved 2011-2-2.
  6. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3; retrieved 2011-1-18.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Hizen Province at Wikimedia Commons