Holodomor

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The Holodomor (Ukrainian: Голодомор, which means "murder by hunger") was a man-made famine and possibly a genocide that happened in Ukraine in 1932 and in 1933. At that time, Ukraine was a part of the Soviet Union. About seven million people starved to death in the Holodomor.[1]

Joseph Stalin was the leader and dictator of the Soviet Union, which was a communist country. He made farmers in the Soviet Union change the way they farmed, then he tried to make the farmers work harder for the government-owned farms, for less money.[2] Many people in the Ukraine did not want to go along with this. When the Ukraine had a famine, Stalin refused to help the people in the Ukraine. Instead, the government took food away from people. It became illegal (against the law) to pick up food from the ground of fields.[3] The government also tried to stop people from moving around the country to look for food.

Scholars and politicians using the word Holodomor say the man-made aspects of the famine, was a genocide; some consider the huge loss of life comparable to the Holocaust.[4] They argue that the Soviet policies were an attack on the rise of Ukrainian nationalism and therefore is a genocide.[5][6][7][8][9]

Other scholars say that the Holodomor was an unexpected consequence of the rapid and massive industrialization started by Stalin, that brought radical economic changes to the farmers and the country, and which was not done on purpose.[7][10][11]

Images of Holodomor victims[change | edit source]

Images of Holodomor memorials[change | edit source]

Map List of countries which officially recognize the Holodomor as genocide

 Andorra,  Argentina,  Australia,  Belgium,  Brazil,  Canada,  Colombia,  Czech Republic, Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador,
Flag of Estonia (bordered).svg Estonia, Flag of Georgia (bordered).svg Georgia,  Hungary Hungary,  Italy,  Latvia,
 Lithuania Lithuania, Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico, Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova, Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay,  Peru,  Poland,  Slovakia,  Spain,  Ukraine,  United States,  Vatican City

Other websites[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. "Famine - Genocide in Ukraine 1932 - 1933". faminegenocide.com. http://www.faminegenocide.com/. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  2. Young, Cathy (December 8, 2008). "Remember the Holodomor". The Weekly Standard. http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/015/861rmjep.asp?page=2. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  3. "Thanks to US for Holdomor Memorial". Cyber Cossack. http://cybercossack.com/?p=298. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  4. Zisels, Josef; Kharaz, Halyna (11 November 2007). "Will Holodomor receive the same status as the Holocaust?". "Maidan" Alliance. http://eng.maidanua.org/node/792. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
  5. Finn, Peter (27 April 2008). "Aftermath of a Soviet Famine". WashingtonPost.com. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/04/26/AR2008042602039.html. Retrieved 21 July 2012. "There are no exact figures on how many died. Modern historians place the number between 2.5 million and 3.5 million. Yushchenko and others have said at least 10 million were killed."
  6. Marples, David (30 November 2005). "The Great Famine Debate Goes On...". Edmonton Journal. http://www.ukrainianstudies.uottawa.ca/ukraine_list/ukl369_2.html. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Kulchytsky, Stanislav (6 March 2007). "Holodomor of 1932-33 as genocide: gaps in the evidential basis". Den. Retrieved 22 July 2012. Part 1 - Part 2 - Part 3 - Part 4
  8. Bilinsky 1999.
  9. Kulchytsky, Stanislav. "Holodomor-33: Why and how?". Zerkalo Nedeli (25 November – 1 December 2006). Retrieved 21 July 2012. Russian version; Ukrainian version.
  10. Wheatcroft 2001b, p. 885.
  11. 'Stalinism' was a collective responsibility. Kremlin papers, The News in Brief, University of Melbourne, 19 June 1998, Vol 7 No 22