Temporal range: Pliocene - present
|Skull of Homo neanderthalensis|
If an anthropologist wants to includes chimpanzees in the tribe Hominini, then it follows that a sub-tribe is needed to put Australopithecines and humans in. But this is not a majority view at present, and the mainstream view is:
If used, the group includes Sahelanthropus six to eight million years ago.