Hugh Capet of France

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An artist's depiction of Hugh Capet

Hugh Capet (French: Hugues Capet) (941–996) was King of the Franks from 987 until his death in 996. The dynasty he established ruled France in an unbroken line for 300 years.

Early career[change | edit source]

Hugh was born in the winter of 941 and was the son of Hugh the Great and Hedwige of Saxony.[1] His grandfather was King Robert I.[2] His grandmother was Beatrice of Vermandois. She was a Carolingian; a daughter of Herbert I of Vermandois.[1] By this connection he was the fifth great-grandson of Charlemagne through Pepin of Italy.[3]

While still a young man Hugh got the nickname "capet" from the cape he wore. These were tokens of the lay abbacies he held.[4]

Elected king of the Franks[change | edit source]

When King Louis V died with no heir Adalbero of Reims made a plea for electing Hugh Capet. He proposed the throne was not a hereditary right but that the king should be the best man for the job. The assembly at Senlis agreed and elected Hugh King of the Franks.[5]

Capet is buried in the Saint Denis Basilica.

Family[change | edit source]

He married Adelaide of Aquitaine. She was the daughter of William III of Aquitaine. Together they had:

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafeln 10, 11
  2. Jim Bradbury, The Capetians: Kings of France, 987-1328, (London: Hambledon Continuum, 2007), p. 69
  3. Pierre Riché, The Carolingians; A Family Who Forged Europe, trans. Michael Idomir Allen (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993), pp. 371, 375
  4. Pierre Riché, The Carolingians; A Family Who Forged Europe, trans. Michael Idomir Allen (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993), p. 264
  5. Pierre Riché, The Carolingians; A Family Who Forged Europe, trans. Michael Idomir Allen (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993), p. 278
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984), Tafel 11