Humayun

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Humayun
Mirza
The Mughal Emperor Humayun
Flag of the Mughal Empire.svg 2nd Mughal Emperor
Reign 26 December 1530 AD – 17 May 1540 AD
22 February 1555 AD– 27 January 1556 AD
Coronation 30 December 1530, Agra
Predecessor Babur
Successor Akbar
Spouse Haji Begum
Bega Begum
Hamida Banu Begum
Bigeh Begum
Mah-chuchak
Miveh Jan
Shahzadi Khanum
Issue
Akbar, son

Mirza Muhammad Hakim, son
Aqiqeh Begum, daughter
Bakshi Banu Begum, daughter
Bakht-un-Nisa Begum, daughter

Father Babur
Mother Maham Begum
Born 17 March 1508(1508-03-17)
Kabul, modern-day Afghanistan
Died 27 January 1556(1556-01-27) (aged 47)
Delhi
Burial Humayun's Tomb
Religion Islam

Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun (Persian: نصیر الدین محمد همایون; OS 7 March 1508 AD – OS 17 January 1556 AD) was the second Mughal Emperor. He ruled Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1530 to 1540. He was the son of the previous emperor, Babur.

His son was Akbar, one of the most famous emperors in Mughal history.

Military campaigns[change | change source]

In 1532, Humayun and Sher Shah Suri clashed on the battlefield. Humayun won the battle and capured Chunar. In 1534, Humayun defeated Bahadur Shah and captured Gujarat. Sher Shah meanwhile regrouped and defeated Humayun, at Chausa in 1539 and at Kanauj a year later.

Humayun was forced to go to Persia in exile, for 15 years. In 1555, Humayun returned to India and defeated the succesor of Sher Shah, Islam Shah and regained India.

Death[change | change source]

In 1556, he fell down the steps of his library in Sher Mandal, (in Purana Kila) and died soon after. He was succeeded by Akbar